Ecology

Associations

Known predators

Philaenus (Philaenus, Scaphytopius, Reuteroscopus) is prey of:
Araneae

Based on studies in:
USA: New Jersey (Agricultural)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • D. J. Shure, Radionuclide tracer analysis of trophic relationships in an old-field ecosystem, Ecol. Monogr. 43(1):1-19, from p. 15 (1973).
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Known prey organisms

Philaenus (Philaenus, Scaphytopius, Reuteroscopus) preys on:
Ambrosia

Based on studies in:
USA: New Jersey (Agricultural)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • D. J. Shure, Radionuclide tracer analysis of trophic relationships in an old-field ecosystem, Ecol. Monogr. 43(1):1-19, from p. 15 (1973).
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Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Larvae produce foam: meadow spittlebug
 

The larvae of meadow spittlebugs produce their protective foam casings by exhaling air into a viscid fluid.

       
  "Frog-hopper larvae (Philaenus) produce foam by exhaling air into a drop of viscid fluid, which is an excretion from the anus of inverted insect that flows around its body (the air comes from openings situated in pairs in each segment)The larva of a spittle bug (Philaenus spumarius) does not need to enlarge its larval shelter because it continuously foams the excess of plant sap it excretes around itself. The foam protects the larva from predators and parasitoids as well as from ultraviolet radiation." (Pallasmaa 1995:22, 24, 93)
  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
  • Pallasmaa, J. 1995. Animal architecture. Helsinki: Museum of Finnish Architecture. 126 p.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 244
Specimens with Sequences: 239
Specimens with Barcodes: 200
Species: 9
Species With Barcodes: 9
Public Records: 68
Public Species: 9
Public BINs: 1
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Philaenus

Philaenus is a genus of insects belonging to the family Aphrophoridae (spittlebugs). The genus name "Philaenus" comes from the Greek "philein" meaning "love".

List of european species[edit]

References[edit]

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