The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Clark, Ailsa M., and Maureen E. Downey. 1992. Starfishes of the Atlantic. xxvi + 794
  • E. Perrier. 1884. Mémoire sur les étoiles de mer recueillies dans la mer des Antilles et le Golf du Mexique. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle 6(2):127-276
  • Mah, C.; Hansson, H. (2013). Paxillosida. In: Mah, C.L. (2013). World Asteroidea database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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