IUCN threat status:

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LIgnosus rhinocerus

Lignosus rhinocerus
(虎乳灵芝, Cendawan Susu Rimau (Harimau)

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Scientific Name:
Lignosus rhinocerus (Cooke)

Synonyms : Lignosus rhinoceros, Lignosus rhinocerotic, Polyporus rhinocerus, Polystictus rhinocerus, Polyporus sacer var. rhinocerotis, Fomes rhinocerus, Microporus rhinocerus, Scindalma rhinocerus.

Other Name :
In Malay - “Cendawan susu rimau (harimau)” means “Tiger’s Milk mushroom”.
In Mandarin (South East Asia) - “老虎奶” (means Tiger’s Milk).
In China - “虎乳灵芝” (means Tiger’s Milk Ling-zhi, Reshii), “孤苓多孔菌” (Polyporus rhinocerus Cooke.).

It is different from Lignosus sacer, a name used in the early 19th century.
It is also different from Pleurotus tuber-regium (some called it as Tiger’s Milk mushroom. In China - “虎奶菇” ).
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Lignosus rhinocerus (Local name : Cendawan susu rimau) is an important medicinal mushroom found in Malaysia. The local community had been using this mushroom as an important medicinal mushroom as back dated even in 1930 as described by a local Malay in Pahang, Tuan Haji Mat Yusop (Corner, E.J.H. 1989). Besides as a tonic to maintain health, this fungus was believed to have more than 15 medicinal usages according to the different tribes. This included treatment for fever, cough, asthma, breast cancer, stomach cancer, food poisoning, healing wounds and etc.

The fungus was known as “Tiger’s milk” mushroom according to the folklore, as it was believed to emerge from the very spot where the milk of a prowling tigers has dropped on the ground. The underground fungus tuber or sclerotia will remain there for months, years or decades. The mushroom will only sprout out from the ground when nature calls. The underground sclerotium is the part with medicinal value. Unfortunately the presense of this sclerotium can only be noticed when the mushroom sprouts out from the ground. The existed of this mushroom in the earth is always solitary and this makes the collection of this wild Tiger’s milk mushroom difficult and limited.

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Supplier: C.S. Tan

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