The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • Blake, D. B. 2000. The class Asteroidea (Echinodermata): Fossils and the base of the crown group. American Zoologist 40:316-325.
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  • Blake, D. B., A. Tintori and H. Hagdorn. 2000. A new, early crown-group asteroid (Echinodermata) from the Norian (Triassic) of Northern Italy. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia. 106(2):141-156.
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  • Canada's Aquatic Environments, 2002. "Asteroidea" (On-line). Invertebrates. Accessed January 26, 2005 at http://www.aquatic.uoguelph.ca/inverts/diver/marine/echinodermata/astero.htm.
  • Churchill, E. P. 1919. Oyster and the Oyster Industry of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Report of the United States Commissioner of Fisheries, 1919; Plate VI-1
  • Clark, A. M. 1977. Starfishes and related echinoderms. T. F: H. Publications, London.
  • Clark, A. M. 1989. An index of names of recent Asteroidea: Part 1. Paxillosida and Notomyotida. Pp.225-347 in: Echinoderm Studies Vol. 3. M. Jangoux and J. M. Lawrence, eds. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Clark, A. M. 1993. An index of names of recent Asteroidea: Part 2. Valvatida. Pp.187-366 in: Echinoderm Studies Vol. 4. M. Jangoux and J. M. Lawrence, eds. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Clark, A. M. 1996. An index of names of recent Asteroidea: Part 3. Velatida and Spinulosida. Pp.183-250 in: Echinoderm Studies Vol. 5. M. Jangoux and J. M. Lawrence, eds. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Clark, A. M. and C. Mah. 2001. An index of names of recent Asteroidea: Part 4. Forcipulatida and Brisingida. Pp.229-347 in: Echinoderm Studies Vol. 6. M. Jangoux and J. M. Lawrence, eds. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Clark, A. M. and M. E. Downey. 1992. Starfishes of the Atlantic. Chapman and Hall, London.
  • Clark, Ailsa M., and Maureen E. Downey. 1992. Starfishes of the Atlantic. xxvi + 794
  • Dean, J. 1999. What makes and ophiuroid? A morphological study of the problematic Ordovician stelleroid Stenaster and the paleobiology of the earliest asteroids and ophiuroids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 126:225-250.
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  • Fell, H. B. 1963. The phylogeny of sea-stars. Philosophical Transactions B 246:381-435, 2 pls., 16 figs.
  • Fisher, W. K. 1911. Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. Part1: Phanerozonia and Spinulosa. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 76. xiii + 420pp., 122 pls.
  • Fisher, W. K. 1928. Asteroidea of the North Pacific and adjacent waters. Part2: Forcipulata. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. 76:1-245, 81 pls..
  • Fujikura K, Lindsay D, Kitazato H, Nishida S, Shirayama. 2010. Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11836. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011836
  • Gale, A. S. 1987. Phylogeny and classification of the Asteroidea (Echinodermata). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 89:107-132.
  • Gordon DP, Beaumont J, MacDiarmid A, Robertson DA, Ahyong ST. 2010. Marine Biodiversity of Aotearoa New Zealand. PLoS ONE 5(8): e10905. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010905
  • H.-M. D. de Blainville. 1830. Zoophytes. Dictionnaire de Sciences Naturelles 60:1-546
  • Hansson, H. (2013). Asteroidea. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123080
  • Holder, Charles Frederick. 1892. Along the Florida Reef. New York City, NY : D. Appleton and Company; Page 243
  • Hyman, L. H. 1955. The Invertebrates: Echinodermata. Volume IV. McGraw-Hill, New York, New York
  • Janies, D. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of extant echinoderm classes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:1232-1250.
  • Janies, D. and R. Mooi. 1999. Xyloplax is an asteroid. pp. 311-316. In: Echinoderm Research 1998. M. Candia Carnevali and F. Bonosoro, eds. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Knott, K. E. and G. A. Wray. 2000. Controversy and consensus in asteroid systematics: new insights to ordinal and familial relationships. American Zoologist 40:382-392.
  • Lafay, B., A. B. Smith, and R. Christen. 1995. A combined morphological and molecular approach to the phylogeny of asteroids (Asteroidea: Echinodermata). Systematic Biology 44(2):190-208.
  • Mah, C. L. 1998. Preliminary phylogeny and taxonomic revision of the Brisingida (Asteroidea). pp. 273-277. in: Echinoderms San Francisco: Proceedings of the Ninth International Echinoderm Conference. R. Mooi and M. Telford, eds. A.A. Balkema. Rotterdam.
  • Mah, C. L. 2000. Preliminary phylogeny of the Forcipulatacean Asteroidea. American Zoologist 40:375-381.
  • McKnight, D. G. 1975. Classification of somasteroids and asteroids (Asterozoa: Echinodermata). Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. 5:13-19.
  • Mooi, R. and B. David. 1997. Skeletal homologies of echinoderms. The Paleontological Society Papers 3:305-335.
  • Mooi, R. and B. David. 2000. What a new model of skeletal homologies tells us about asteroid evolution. American Zoologist 40:326-339.
  • Mooi, R., F. W. E. Rowe and B. David. 1998. Application of a theory of axial and extraxial skeletal homologies to concentricycloid morphology. pp. 61-62. in: Echinoderms San Francisco: Proceedings of the Ninth International Echinoderm Conference. R. Mooi and M. Telford, eds. A.A. Balkema. Rotterdam.
  • Moran, P. J. 1988. The Acanthaster phenomenon. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series Vol. 7. 78 p.
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  • Opitz S (1996) Trophic interactions in Caribbean coral reefs. ICLARM Tech Rep 43, Manila, Philippines
  • Paine, R. T. 1966. Food web complexity and species diversity. American Naturalist 100:65-75.
  • Pearse, V. B. and J. S. Pearse. 1994. Echinoderm Phylogeny and the place of the concentricycloids. pp. 121-126. in: Echinoderms Dijon: Proceedings of the Eighth International Echinoderm Conference. B. David, A. Guille, J.-P. Feral and M. Roux, eds. A.A. Balkema. Rotterdam.
  • Perrier, J. O. E. 1884. Mémoire sur les étoiles de mer recueillies dans la Mer des Antolles et le golfe de Mexique. Nouvelles Archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2)6:127-276.
  • Rowe, F. W. E., A. N. Baker, and H. E. S. Clark. 1988. The morphology, development and taxonomic status of Xyloplax Baker, Rowe and Clark 1986 (Echinodermata: Concentricycloidea), with the description of a new species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 223:431-459.
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • Sladen, W. P. 1889. Asteroidea. Report of the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger, 1873-1876. Zoology 30:1-935.
  • Smith, A. B. 1988. To grop or not to group: the taxonomic position of Xyloplax. pp. 17-23. in: Echinoderm Biology. R. D. Burke, P. V. Mladenov, P. Lambert and R. D. Parsley, eds. A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
  • Spencer, W. K. and C. W. Wright. 1966. Asterozoans. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part U Echinodermata. 3(1):U4-U107. University of Kansas Press.
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
  • Verrill, A. E. 1914. Monograph of the shallow-water starfishes of the North Pacific coast from the Arctic Ocean to California. Harriman Alaska Series of the United States National Museum 14:1-408, 110 pls.
  • Wada, H., M. Komatsu and N. Satoh. 1996. Mitochondrial rDNA phylogeny of the Asteoidea suggests the primitiveness of the Paxillosida. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 6(1):97-106.
  • Waggoner, B. 1994. "Introduction to the Asteroidea" (On-line). Accessed January 26, 2005 at http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/echinodermata/asteroidea.html.
  • Washburn, F. L. 1896. Eastern Oyster on the Oregon Coast. Salem, OR : W. H. Leeds, State Printer; Page 10
  • Webster, G. D., D. J. Hafley, D. B. Blake and A. Glass. 1999. Crinoids and stelleroids from the Broken Rib Member, Dyer Formation Late Devonian, Famennian. of the White River Plateau, Colorado. Journal of Paleontology 73(3):461-486.
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