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Favolaschia calocera

Favolaschia calocera, commonly known as the orange pore fungus, is a species of fungus in the Mycenaceae family.[1] First observed in Madagascar,[2] it has recently spread around the world and is now known from New Zealand,[3] Italy,[4][5] Australia,[6][7] Hawaii,[8] Thailand, China, Kenya, Norfolk Island and Réunion Island.[5][6][7]

F. calocera is a wood-inhabiting saprotrophic fungus.[9] It presents as a bright orange stalked fan, 5 mm–30 mm diameter, with prominent pores on the underside.[10]

It is uncertain whether F. calocera is native to Madagascar or was introduced to the island from Asia.[5] Throughout much of its expanded range F. calocera is now considered an invasive species. It colonizes ruderal sites along transport routes and can become dominant in habitats disturbed by human activity. Mycologists fear that it may be displacing native fungi species as it spreads through the paleotropics.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Singer R (1986) The Agaricales in modern taxonomy, 4th edn edn. Koeltz Scientific Books, Koenigstein
  2. ^ Heim R (1945) Les agarics tropicaux à hyménium tubulé (Madagascar, Côte d’Ivoire, Guinée, Antilles, Insulinde). Rev Mycol 10:3–61
  3. ^ Johnston PR, Buchanan P (1998) Fungal invaders. Aust Mycol Newsl 17:48–52
  4. ^ Vizzini A, Zotti M (2002) Favolaschia calocera, a tropical species collected in Italy. Mycotaxon 82:169–176
  5. ^ a b c d Vizzini A, Zotti M, Mello A (2009) Alien fungal species distribution: the study case of Favolaschia calocera. Biological Invasions 11(2):417-429.
  6. ^ a b Johnston PR, Whitton SR, Buchanan PK, Park D, Pennycook SR, Johnson JE, Moncalvo JM (2006) The basidiomycete genus Favolaschia in New Zealand. N Z J Bot 44(1):65–87
  7. ^ a b Robinson R (2013) First record of Favolaschia calocera in Western Australia. Australasian Mycologist 31:41-43
  8. ^ "Fungi of the Hawaiian Islands Favolaschia calocera". Brian A. Perry. Retrieved 2013-11-13. 
  9. ^ Singer R (1974) A Monograph of Favolaschia Beih. Nova Hedwigia 50:1–107
  10. ^ "Orange Poreconch (Favolaschia calocera)". Taranaki Educational Resource: Research, Analysis and Information Network. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 

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