Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
|Specimen Records:||1,495||Public Records:||1,375|
|Specimens with Sequences:||1,479||Public Species:||465|
|Specimens with Barcodes:||1,431||Public BINs:||0|
|Species With Barcodes:||474|
Locations of barcode samples
Inocybe is a large, complex genus of mushrooms. Members of Inocybe are mycorrhizal, and some evidence shows that the high degree of speciation in the genus is due to adaptation to different trees and perhaps even local environments.
Typical mushrooms of the genus are any of various shades of brown, although some lilac or purplish species exist. Caps are small and conical, though flattening somewhat in age, generally with a pronounced raised central knob. The cap often appears fibrous or frayed, giving the genus its common name of "fiber caps". Many species have a distinctive odor, various described as musty or spermatic.
Inocybe species are not considered suitable for consumption, although in some underdeveloped countries certain species of Inocybe mushrooms are eaten. Many species contain large doses of muscarine, and no easy method of distinguishing them from potentially edible species exists. In fact, Inocybe is the most commonly encountered mushroom genus for which microscopic characteristics are the only means of certain identification to the species level. While the vast majority of Inocybes are toxic, seven rare species of Inocybe are hallucinogenic, having been found to contain psilocybin including Inocybe aeruginascens which also contains aeruginascine (N, N, N-trimethyl-4-phosphoryloxytryptamine).
There are hundreds of species of Inocybe. Representatives of the genus include:
- Inocybe adaequata
- Inocybe aeruginascens (psychoactive)
- Inocybe calamistrata (toxic)
- Inocybe coelestium (psychoactive)
- Inocybe corydalina var. corydalina Quél. (psychoactive)
- Inocybe corydalina var. erinaceomorpha (psychoactive)
- Inocybe erubescens (= I. patouillardii) red-staining inocybe
- Inocybe geophylla (toxic)
- Inocybe haemacta (psychoactive)
- Inocybe hystrix
- Inocybe lacera
- Inocybe obscura
- Inocybe rimosa (= I. fastigiata)
- Inocybe sororia
- Inocybe tricolor (psychoactive)
- Inocybe violaceocaulis. (prev. I. geophylla var. lilacina) In Western Australia, what represents I. violaceocaulis was earlier referred to as I. geophylla var. lilacina by some Australian taxonomists, which Matheny & Bougher (2005) point to as a misapplication of the name I. geophylla var. lilacina.
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- Matheny PB (April 2005). "Improving phylogenetic inference of mushrooms with RPB1 and RPB2 nucleotide sequences (Inocybe; Agaricales)". Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 35 (1): 1–20. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2004.11.014. PMID 15737578.
- Matheny PB, Bougher NL (2004). "A new violet species of Inocybe (Agaricales) from Urban and Rural Landscapes in Western Australia". Australasian Mycologist 24 (1).
- Atkinson, G. F. (1918). "Some new species of Inocybe". American Journal of Botany 5 (4): 210–218. doi:10.2307/2435009. JSTOR 2435009.
- Cripps, C. L. (1997). "The genus Inocybe in Montana aspen stands". Mycologia 89 (4): 670–688. doi:10.2307/3761005. JSTOR 3761005.
- Stuntz, D. E. (1978). Interim skeleton key to some common species of Inocybe in the Pacific Northwest. Notes and species descriptions by Gibson, I. (2004).