The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arsenault, M. and Janvier, P. (1991). The anaspid-like craniates of the Escuminac Formation (Upper Devonian) from Miguasha (Québec, Canada), with remarks on anaspid-petromyzontid relationships.In Early vertebrates and related problems of evolutionary biology (ed. M. M.Chang, Y. H. Liu, and G. R. Zhang) pp. 19-40, Science Press, Beijing.
  • Bardack, D. and Zangerl, R. (1971). Lampreys in the fossil record. In The Biology of lampreys (ed. M. W. Hardisty and I. C. Potter), Vol. 1, pp. 67-84. Academic Press, London.
  • Bardack, D., and Richardson, E. S. Jr. (1977). New agnathous fishes from the Pennsylvanian of Illinois. Fieldiana: Geology, 33, 489-510.
  • Forey, P. L., and Gardiner, B. G. (1981). J. A. Moy-Thomas and his association with the British Museum (Natural History). Bulletin of the British Museum (natural History), Geology, 35, 131-144.
  • Hardisty, M. W. and Potter, I. C. (ed.) (1974-1982). The Biology of Lampreys, 4 vols, Academic Press, London.
  • Janvier, P. (1996). Early vertebrates. Oxford Monographs in Geology and Geophysics, 33, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • Janvier, P., and Lund, R. (1983). Hardistiella montanensis n. gen. et sp. (Petromyzontida) from the Lower Carboniferous of Montana, with remarks on the affinities of the lampreys. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 2, 407-413.
  • Marinelli, W. and Strenger, A. (1954). Vergleichende Anatomie und Morphologie der Wirberltiere. Lampetra fluviatilis. Franz Deuticke, Vienna.
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Potter, I. C. and Hilliard, R. W. (1987). A proposal for the functional and phylogenetic significance of differences in the dentition of lampreys (Agnatha: Petromyzontiformes). Journal of Zoology, 212, 713-737.
  • Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al. 1991. Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States and Canada, Fifth Edition. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 20. 183
  • Robins, Richard C., Reeve M. Bailey, Carl E. Bond, James R. Brooker, Ernest A. Lachner, et al. 1991. World Fishes Important to North Americans Exclusive of Species from the Continental Waters of the United States and Canada. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, no. 21. 243
  • WoRMS (2015). Cephalaspidomorphi. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2015) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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