Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
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Xylaria hypoxylon, also known under the common names "Stag's Horn" or "Candle-snuff Fungus", is the most conspicuous because of its erect 3–7 cm tall, antler-like ascocarps (fruitbodies) which are black at the base (where the perithecia are embedded) but white and branched towards the top, where the fruitbodies produce white conidia (asexual spores).
Xylaria polymorpha, "Dead Man's Fingers", often grows in finger-like clusters from the base of a tree or from wood just below ground level. This is a primary fungus utilized in the spalting of sugar maple and other hardwoods.
Xylaria longipes, also known under the common names "Dead Moll's Fingers" or "Pénis de bois mort" allegedly improves the quality of the wood used in string instruments. It has not been linked to spalting of maple.
FUNGAL BIOLOGY, A Textbook by JIM DEACON, Blackwell Publishing 2005
Robinson, S.C., Laks, P.E. 2010. Culture age and wood species affect zone line production of Xylaria polymorpha. The Open Mycology Journal 4:18-21.
Robinson, S.C., Tudor, D., Cooper, P.A. 2012. Promoting fungal pigment formation in wood by utilizing a modified decay jar method. Wood Science and Technology 46:841-849
Robinson, S.C., Tudor, D., Hipson, S., Snider, H., Ng, S., Korshikov, E., Copper, P.A. Methods of inoculating Acer spp., Populus tremuloides, and Fagus grandifolia logs for commercial spalting applications. Journal of Wood Science in press. doi:10.1007/s10086-013-1335-5
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