- MASDEA (1997).
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Statistics of barcoding coverage
Specimens with Sequences:375
Specimens with Barcodes:312
Species With Barcodes:6
Lamnidae is a family of sharks, commonly known as mackerel sharks or white sharks. They are large, fast-swimming sharks, found in oceans worldwide. The name of the family is formed from the Greek word, Lamna, which means fish of prey, and was derived from the Greek legendary creature Lamia.
These sharks have pointed snouts, spindle-shaped bodies, and large gill openings. The first dorsal fin is large, high, stiff and angular or somewhat rounded. The second dorsal and anal fins are minute. The caudal peduncle has a couple or less distinct keels. The teeth are gigantic. The fifth gill opening is in front of the pectoral fin and spiracles are sometimes absent. They are heavily built sharks, sometimes weighing nearly twice as much as sharks of comparable length from other families. Many sharks in the family are among the fastest-swimming fish, although the massive Carcharodon is slower due to its great size.
Genera and species
The family contains five living species in three genera:
- Genus † Carchariolamna Hora, 1939
- †Carchariolamna heroni Hora, 1939
- Genus Carcharodon Smith, 1838
- Genus † Cosmopolitodus Glikman, 1964
- Genus Isurus Rafinesque, 1810
- Isurus oxyrinchus Rafinesque, 1810 (shortfin mako)
- Isurus paucus Guitart-Manday, 1966 (longfin mako)
- †Isurus desori Agassiz, 1843
- †Isurus flandricus Leriche, 1910
- †Isurus minutus Agassiz, 1843
- †Isurus nakaminatoensis Saito, 1961
- †Isurus planus Agassiz, 1856
- †Isurus praecursor Leriche, 1905
- †Isurus rameshi Mehrotra, Mishra & Srivastava, 1973
- Genus † Isurolamna Cappetta, 1976
- Genus † Karaisurus Kozlov in Zhelezko & Kozlov, 1999
- †Karaisurus demidkini Kozlov in Zhelezko & Kozlov, 1999
- Genus † Lamiostoma Glikman, 1964
- Genus Lamna Cuvier, 1816
- Genus † Lethenia Leriche, 1910
- †Lethenia vandenbroecki Winkler, 1880
- Genus † Macrorhizodus Glikman, 1964
|Wikispecies has information related to: Lamnidae|
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