Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found off the coast of central and southern California, United States (Hilton 1917, Hewatt 1947, Theel 1886).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found from the intertidal zone down to depths greater than 100 meters in parts of its range (Hilton 1917, Hewatt 1947, Theel 1886).

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Samyn, Y.

Reviewer/s
Knapp, L. & Polidoro, B.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is only known from off the coast of California where it inhabits relatively shallow waters in a highly populated areas. Little is known about the population status, habitat, ecology, major threats, or conservation measures occurring to this species. More research is needed in all of these areas. Therefore this species is listed as Data Deficient.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
No known threats exist to this species. However, this species inhabits relatively shallow waters in a highly populated area of the world, and may be impacted by several anthropogenic threats including habitat loss and disturbance.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures in place for this species. More research is needed on the population status, habitat, ecology, major threats, and conservation measures for this species.
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