The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Chun, Carl. 1905. Aus den Tiefen des Weltmeeres. Jen, Germany : Verlag von Gustav Filcher in Jena; Page 276
- R. L. Carroll. 1988. Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York
- Warham, J. / Stonehouse, Bernard, ed. 1975. The Crested Penguins. The Biology of Penguins. ix + 555