The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,.. 2002. Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115
  • Dunn, Casey (2005): Siphonophores. http://siphonophores.org/SiphOrganization.php Retrieved 2008-JUL-08.
  • Eschscholtz, F. 1829. System der Acalephen. Eine ausführliche Beschreibung aller medusenartigen Strahltiere. Ferdinand Dümmler, Berlin, pp. 1-190, 116 pls.
  • Hoover, M. (2008). Portuguese Man -of-war (Physalia physalis). Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda. 2010,
  • Mapstone, G.; Schuchert, P. (2013). Siphonophorae. In: Schuchert, P. (2013) World Hydrozoa database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1371
  • Marques, Antonio C., and Allen G. Collins. 2004. Cladistic analysis of Medusozoa and cnidarian evolution. Invertebrate Biology, vol. 123, no. 1. 23-42
  • [Anonymous] (2010). Portuguese Man o' War. Wikipedia. 2010,
  • [Anonymous] (2010). Portuguese Man-of-war Physalia physalis. National Geographic. 2010,

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