Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

The pectiniids, except Pectinia, have mussid-like polyps, typically thick and fleshy and usually very colourful. Polyps are extended only at night. They usually have long, thin, translucent tentacles. As far as is known, pectiniids are hermaphrodites and release gametes during periods of mass spawning for external fertilisation. There is one solitary fossil genus, the remainder are colonial and hermatypic. Colonies are basically laminar, composed of thin plates. Corallite walls are absent or formed by the non-porous costate coenosteum of the laminae. Related family is Mussidae. Veron, 1986 <57>).
  • MASDEA (1997).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:30Public Records:23
Specimens with Sequences:25Public Species:8
Specimens with Barcodes:25Public BINs:1
Species:8         
Species With Barcodes:8         
          
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Barcode data

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Pectiniidae

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Wikipedia

Pectiniidae

Pectiniidae is a family of stony corals, commonly known as chalice corals. Members of the family are mostly colonial but one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. The name is probably related to the comb-like appearance of the walls of the corallites, which are tall, thin and striated. [2] Pectiniids are endemic to the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically laminar. The polyps are large and brightly coloured and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family. They are only extended at night. The tentacles are translucent, long and thin and most species also have sweeper tentacles armed with cnidocytes. These corals contain symbiotic micro-algae called zooxanthellae. Pectiniids are sought after for the reef aquarium trade.[1][3]

Genera[edit source | edit]

The World Register of Marine Species includes the following genera in the family:[1][3]


Echinomorpha nishihirai


Echinophyllia aspera (Ellis & Solander, 1788)
Echinophyllia costata (Fenner & Veron, 2002)
Echinophyllia echinata (Saville-Kent, 1871)
Echinophyllia echinoporoides (Veron & Pichon, 1979)
Echinophyllia maxima (Moll & Best, 1984)
Echinophyllia orpheensis (Veron & Pichon, 1980)
Echinophyllia patula (Hodgson & Ross, 1981)
Echinophyllia pectinata (Veron, 2002)
Echinophyllia tarae (Benzoni, 2013)
Echinophyllia taylorae (Veron, 2002)
Echinophyllia tosaensis (Yabe & Eguchi, 1935)


Mycedium elephantotus (Pallas, 1766)
Mycedium robokaki (Moll & Best, 1984)
Mycedium spina (Ditlev, 2003)
Mycedium steeni (Veron, 2002)
Mycedium tuediae (Dana, 1846)
Mycedium umbra (Veron, 2002)


Oxypora aspera (Ellis & Solander)
Oxypora convoluta (Veron, 2002)
Oxypora crassispinosa (Nemenzo, 1980)
Oxypora egyptensis (Veron, 2002)
Oxypora glabra (Nemenzo, 1959)
Oxypora lacera (Verrill, 1864)

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ a b c WoRMS (2010). "Pectiniidae". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-12-20. 
  2. ^ Family Pectiniidae Classification of Scleractinian (Stony) Corals. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
  3. ^ a b Family Pectiniidae - Chalice Corals Blue Zoo Aquatics. Retrieved 2011-12-20.
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