Overview

Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Very seldom in any kind of natural setting in most of its range, most typically weedy backyards, vacant lots, landfills, edges of croplands; any place where its weedy annual foodplants grow in the open. Can occur in the earliest stages of old field succession and in unnatural persistent grasslands such as edges of pastures. Apparently from comments in Scott (1986) can occur in more natural settings such as gulches in the southwest.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Associations

Flowering Plants Visited by Pholisora catullus in Illinois

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Comments: Overwinters as a fully fed larva, pupating in April (New Jersey-Schweitzer).

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pholisora catullus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 20
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N3 - Vulnerable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Wikipedia

Pholisora catullus

Pholisora catullus (the Common Sootywing or Roadside Rambler) is a butterfly of the Hesperiidae family. It is found from the central parts of the United States, south to central Mexico. Strays may colonizes up to southern British Columbia, northern Michigan, southern Quebec and southern Maine. It is not found on Peninsular Florida.

The wingspan is 25-33 mm. There are two generations with adults on wing from May to August in the northern part of its range and from March to November in Texas.

The larvae feed on Chenopodium album, Amaranthus and Celosia species. Adults feed on flower nectar from various flowers, including dogbane, marjoram, oxalis, white clover, common milkweed, peppermint, cucumber and melon.

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