The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Belicek, Joseph. 1976. Coccinellidae of western Canada and Alaska with analyses of the transmontane zoogeographic relationships between the fauna of British Columbia and Alberta (Insecta: Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Quaestiones Entomologicae, vol. 12, no. 4. 283-409
  • Gordon, Robert D. 1985. The Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) of America North of Mexico. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, vol. 93, no. 1. 1-912
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Kuznetsov, Victor N. 1997. Lady Beetles of the Russian Far East. Center for Systematic Entomology, Memoir No. 1. xii + 248
  • N. Mag. Lieb. Ent. [Schneider's], 5, 545.
  • Type: 152.
  • Vandenberg, Natalia J. / Arnett, Ross H., Jr., M. C. Thomas, P. E. Skelley, and J. H. Frank, eds. 2002. Family 93; Coccinellidae Latreille 1807. American Beetles, vol. 2; Polyphaga: Scarabaeoidea through Curculionoidea. 371-389


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