Overview

Brief Summary

Fossil species

recent & fossil

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Introduction

Exclusively colonial corals resulting from extratentacular budding resulting in dendroid, plocoid, or ramose colonies. Corallites externally thickened with extensive non-costate, dense coenosteum. Septa usually highly exsert, composed of one fan system of simple trabeculae; septal margins only minutely dentate. Endothecal dissepiments thin or replaced with dense stereome.

  

This page is still under construction and at this point merely serves as transportation to lower level taxa.

 

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Physical Description

Diagnostic Description

Description

Colonial, hermatypic and ahermatypic, extant and fossil. Corallites are thickened and linked by a smooth coenosteum. Septa are very exsert. Related family is Rhizangiidae. (Veron, 1986 <57>).
  • MASDEA (1997).
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:29Public Records:20
Specimens with Sequences:24Public Species:7
Specimens with Barcodes:21Public BINs:4
Species:7         
Species With Barcodes:7         
          
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Oculinidae

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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Oculinidae

Oculinidae is a family of colonial corals. Oculina and Schizoculina are found in the Atlantic Ocean while Galaxea and Simplastrea are found in the Indo-Pacific and the Red Sea. Most species are uncommon but Galaxea is widely distributed and common.[2]

Characteristics

Members of the family Oculinidae are characterised by having the walls of the corallites (the cavities which house the polyps) being composed of solid walled though rather fragile tubes connected by a smooth skeletal material called coenosteum. The corallites are widely spaced and robust. The septae (ridges on the corallite walls) curve noticeably outward giving the coral a spiky appearance. Many species in this family form a symbiotic relationship with the flagellate protozoa zooxanthellae which live within the tissues of the polyps. These are photosynthetic algae that provide nutrients for the polyps while themselves benefiting from a safe environment and an elevated, sunny position.[3][2]

Genera

The World Register of Marine Species lists the following genera:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b WoRMS (2010). "Oculinidae; Gray, 1847". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  2. ^ a b Family Oculinidae Horizon. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  3. ^ Galaxy Corals, Family Oculinidae Wet Web Media.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
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Source: Wikipedia

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