Overview

Distribution

Central and S Switzerland, adjacent N Italy.

Type Locality: Switzerland: Canton Obwalden, Rischiwald near Glaubenberg, 1080 m.

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Source: Terrestrial Slugs Web

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Physical Description

Morphology

External: Slug colour variable, creamy white, brownish or black, often with colour spots or bands; mantle always evenly coloured without patterns (difference to several other species).

Internal: Penis 1/3-1/2 of body length, inside with weak transverse folds and one interior pilaster; vas deferens inserts close to tip of penis, retractor attached at same point as vas deferens.

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Size

Up to 200 x 22 mm (preserved 165 x 17 mm).

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Ecology

Habitat

Mountain habitats, usually at 1000-1500 m, also in forests.

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Trophic Strategy

Slugs feed on lichens growing on coniferous trees.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Behaviour

Active at night, locally in high population densities.

Copulation takes place in 80-180 cm height above surface (for example at coniferous tree trunks), posterior ends of both animals are united and sticked on a slime thread (difference to L. cinereoniger), penes are everted and reach 50-75 % of body length. Dates of observed copulations were not recorded; life cycle unresearched.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Limax sarnensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 19 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACTTTATATATAATTTTTGGGGTTTGGTGTGGAATAGTTGGAACAGGCTTA---TCTTTATTAATTCGATTAGAGTTAGGGACGGCGGGT---GTTTTAATAGAT---GATCACTTTTTTAATGTGATTGTGACGGCACATGCATTTGTTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATAATTGGGGGGTTTGGTAATTGAATGGTTCCATTATTA---ATTGGAGCTCCTGATATAAGGTTTCCTCGTATAAATAATATAAGGTTTTGATTATTACCACCTTCTTTCGTTTTACTTATTTGTTCTAGTATGGTGGAAGGTGGTGCAGGAACAGGATGAACTGTATACCCCCCTTTAAGAGGTCCTTTAGGTCATGGGGGAGCTTCTGTGGATTTA---GCTATTTTTTCTCTTCATTTAGCTGGTATATCTTCTATTTTAGGGGCTATTAATTTTATTACTACTATTTTTAACATACGGACGGCGGGGATAAATATAGAACGTGTAAGATTATTTGTATGGTCGATTTTAGTTACTGTTTTTTTATTACTTTTATCTCTTCCTGTGTTAGCTGGG---GCAATTACTATACTTTTAACAGATCGTAATTTTAATACCAGATTTTTTGATCCGGCGGGAGGAGGTGATCCTATCCTATACCAACATTTATTTTGATTTTTTGGGCATCCTGAAGTATATATTTTGATTTTACCTGGGTTTGGAATTGTATCTCATATTATTGGGAACTTTACA------ACAAAGCAACCTTTTGGGGTTTTAGGAATAATCTATGCTATAATTTCTATTGGGGTTTTAGGGTTTATTGTATGAGCACACCACATGTTTACAGTAGGAATAGATGTTGATACTCGTGCATATTTTACAGCTGCAACTATAGTGATTGCTGTTCCTACAGGGATTAAAGTATTTAGATGATTAATA---ACTTTATACGGTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Limax sarnensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 19
Specimens with Barcodes: 19
Species With Barcodes: 1
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