The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • . 1919. Biennial Report of the Fish and Game Commission of the State of Oregon, 1919. Portland, OR : Kubli-Howell Co.; Cover
  • . Washington (State) Dept of Fisheries and Game. Annual report of the State Fish Commissioner. 14th-15th, 1904; Facing Page 68
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Brown, L.H., E.K. Urban & K. Newman (1982). The Birds of Africa, Volume I. Academic Press, London.
  • C. Ring, O. Steppat, S. Pfeiffer, and R. vonderOhe, “The status of hygiene of shot mallards”, Fleischwirtschaft, vol. 76, no. 10, pp. 1051 - 1054, 1996.
  • F. Balát, “On the wing-moult in the Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos, in Czechoslovakia”, Zoologicke Listy, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 135 - 144, 1970.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp. External link.
  • Nash, C. W. 1908. Vertebrates of Ontario : Checklist of the Birds of Ontario. Toronto, ONT : L. K. Cameron; Page 15
  • R. F. Johnston, Predation by short-eared owls on a Salicornia salt marsh, Wilson Bull. 68(2):91-102, from p. 99 (1956).
  • T. Mizuno and J. I. Furtado, Food chain. In: Tasek Bera, J. I. Furtado and S. Mori, Eds. (Junk, The Hague, Netherlands, 1982), pp. 357-359, from p. 358.
  • WoRMS (2014). Anas Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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