Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

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Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:62
Specimens with Sequences:61
Specimens with Barcodes:6
Species:5
Species With Barcodes:5
Public Records:58
Public Species:5
Public BINs:4
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Wikipedia

Stichodactylidae

Stichodactylidae is a family sea anemones that contains the genera Stichodactyla (carpet anemones) and Heteractis. These sea anemones are exclusively tropical and are in the main family of sea anemones that hosts several varieties of clownfishes.[1] Most sea anemone species are harmless to humans, but at least some Stichodactyla are highly venomous and their sting may cause anaphylactic shock and organ failure (notably acute liver failure).[2][3] In contrast, the venom of Heteractis has shown potential in treatment of lung cancer.[4]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Fautin, D.G.; Allen, G. R. (1994). Anemone fishes and their host sea anemones. MN: Voyageur Press. 
  2. ^ Garcia, P.J.; Schein, R.M.; and Burnett, J.W. (1994). Fulminant hepatic failure from a sea anemone sting. Ann. Intern. Med. 120: 665–666.
  3. ^ Nagata, K.; Hide, M.; Tanaka, T.; Ishii, K.; Izawa, M.; Sairenji, T.; Tomita, K.; and Shimizu, E. (2006). Anaphylactic shock caused by exposure to sea anemones. Allergol. Int. 55: 181–184.
  4. ^ Ramezanpour, M.; da Silva, K.B.; and Sanderson, B.J. (2014). Venom present in sea anemone (Heteractis magnifica) induces apoptosis in non-small-cell lung cancer A549 cells through activation of mitochondria-mediated pathway. Biotechnol Lett. 36(3): 489-495.
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