Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The Madeiran Brimstone is restricted to the island of Madeira at elevations between 500-1,500 m. This is a European endemic species.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The Madeiran Brimstone occurs only in the dense primary laurel forest at middle altitudes. The larval foodplant is Rhamnus glandulosa (Rhamnaceae). The number of generations per year is unknown. Habitats: broad-leaved evergreen woodland (50%), mesophile grasslands (50%).

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Gonepteryx maderensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

CCCNANTTTTNATTT---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AATATTGCCCATAGNGGANGATCAGTAGATTTAGNTATTTTTTCCCTTCATTTAGCTGGAATTTCTTCAATTTTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACAACTATTATTAATATACGAATTAATAATATATCTTTTGACCAAATACCATTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTAGGTATTACAGCATTACTTTTACTTTTATCTTTACCAGTATTAGCAGGTGCTATTACTATATTATTAACTGATCGAAATTTAAATACTTCATTTTTTGACCCAGCAGGAGGAGGAGATCCTATTTTATATCAACATTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Gonepteryx maderensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
EN
Endangered

Red List Criteria
B1ab(i,iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
van Swaay, C., Wynhoff, I., Verovnik, R., Wiemers, M., López Munguira, M., Maes, D., Sasic, M., Verstrael, T., Warren, M. & Settele, J.

Reviewer/s
Lewis, O. (Butterfly RLA) & Cuttelod, A. (IUCN Red List Unit)

Contributor/s

Justification
The survival of the species is bound to the management of its remaining habitat, the laurel forest, which is still threatened although most of it is legally protected. Its extent of occurrence (EOO) is less than 500 km², it has fewer than 5 locations and a continuing decline (Van Swaay & Warren, 1999). Therefore classified as Endangered, in the EU27 countries as well as in Europe and globally.

History
  • 2000
    Endangered
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Population

Population
This is a local species, restricted to (semi-) natural areas. This butterfly has low population densities. It is declining on Madeira.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Major Threats
The species is restricted to primary vegetation, susceptible to human interference. The most direct threat comes from habitat loss because of reclamation and change to agricultural land.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
More research is needed urgently on the distribution and ecology of the species. Suitable habitats should be protected and appropriately managed. The effects of conservation actions should be monitored by a Butterfly Monitoring Scheme.
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Wikipedia

Gonepteryx maderensis

Gonepteryx maderensis, the Madeira Brimstone, is a species of butterfly in the Pieridae family. It is endemic to Madeira. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. It is threatened by habitat loss.

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