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Nephtheidae is a family of soft corals in the phylum Cnidaria. Members of this family are known as carnation corals, tree corals or colt soft corals. They are very attractive and show a wide range of rich and pastel colours including reds, pinks, yellows and purples. They are popular with reef aquarium hobbyists.
Most of these corals are arborescent and have little knobs on the end of their rubbery branches. The coral polyps tend to retract in the daytime which gives these corals their alternative name of broccoli corals because of their resemblance to the vegetable. At night the polyps emerge and extend their tentacles to feed, looking like little bunches of flowers on the ends of the branches.
Genera[edit source | edit]
- Capnella Gray, 1869
- Chondronephthya Utinomi, 1960
- Chromonephthea van Ofwegen, 2005
- Coronephthya Utinomi, 1966
- Dendronephthya Kuekenthal, 1905
- Duva Koren & Danielssen, 1883
- Eunephthya Verrill, 1869
- Gersemia Marenzeller, 1877
- Lemnalia Gray, 1868
- Leptophyton van Ofwegen & Schleyer, 1997
- Neospongodes Kükenthal, 1903
- Nephthea Audouin, 1826
- Pacifiphyton Williams, 1997
- Paralemnalia Kükenthal, 1913
- Pseudodrifa Utinomi, 1961
- Scleronephthya Studer, 1887
References[edit source | edit]
- van Ofwegen, Leen (2010). "Nephtheidae". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- The Soft Corals, Order Alcyonacea; Use In Reef Aquariums Wet Web Media. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- Corals of many colors: The Nephtheidae Family The Right Blue. Retrieved 2012-01-23.
- http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=146762 accessed 21 July 2013