Overview

Brief Summary

North American Ecology (US and Canada)

Resident in northern North America (Scott 1986). Habitats are LUSH ARCTIC/ALPINE ZONE TUNDRA AND HUDSONIAN TAIGA. Host plants are usually herbaceous with most known hosts a few species from Leguminosae and Salicaceae. There is one flight each year with the approximate flight time JUNE1-JUL15 (Scott 1986). Sometimes includes Colias canadensis as a subspecies (Scott 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) Arctic regions, incl. Greenland, Alaska, Canada; also in Eurasia.

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Arctic tundra, grassy slopes, and swales. Mainly moist tundra.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Global Abundance

10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Males patrol for females (Scott, 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Colias hecla

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 5 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

GATATTGGAACTTTATATTTTATTTTTGGTGTGTGGGCAGGAATAATTGGAACTTCTTTA---AGTTTATTAATTCGTACAGAATTAGGTAACCCTGGGTCACTAATTGGAGAT---GATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTTACAGCTCATGCCTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCAATTATAATTGGAGGATTTGGTAATTGATTAATTCCTTTAATA---TTAGGAGCCCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCACGTATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGATTACTCCCCCCATCATTAACTTTATTAATTTCTAGAAGTATTGTTGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGAACAGTTTACCCCCCTCTTTCCTCTAATATTGCCCATAGAGGATCTTCTGTTGATTTA---GCTATTTTTTCTCTTCATCTTGCGGGAATTTCCTCTATCCTCGGAGCAATTAATTTTATTACAACAATTATCAATATACGAATTAATAATATATCATTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTGTATGGGCAGTAGGAATTACTGCTTTATTATTATTATTGTCATTACCAGTTTTAGCTGGT---GCAATTACTATATTATTAACTGATCGAAATTTAAATACCTCTTTTTTTGATCCTGCTGGGGGAGGGGACCCAATTCTTTATCAACATTTATTTTGATTTTTTGGACATCCCGAAGTATATATTCTAATTTTACCAGGATTTGGTATAATTTCCCATATCATTTCTCAAGAAAGAGGGAAAAAA---GAAACTTTCGGATCTTTAGGAATAATTTATGCTATAATAGCAATTGGTTTATTAGGATTTATTGTATGAGCTCATCATATATTTACAGTTGGAATAGATATTGATACTCGAGCTTATTTCACCTCAGCAACTATAATTATTGCTGTACCTACAGGCATTAAAATTTTTAGTTGATTA---GCAACATTATACGGTACA---CAAATTAACTATAGTCCTTCTATATTATGAAGATTAGGATTTGTATTTTTATTTACTGTAGGAGGATTAACAGGAGTAATTTTAGCTAATTCATCTATTGATATTATTCTTCATGATACTTATTATGTTGTAGCACATTTCCATTATGTT---TTATCAATAGGAGCTGTATTTGCAATTTTAGGAGGATTTATTCATTGATATCCTCTATTTACAGGATTAATATTAAATCCATTTTATCTTAAAATTCAATTTATTACTATATTTATTGGAGTAAATTTAACTTTCTTTCCTCAACATTTTTTAGGTTTAGCTGGAATACCTCGT---CGATATTCAGATTATCCTGATAATTATCTT---TCTTGAAATATCATTTCATCCTTAGGATCTTATATTTCTTTAATTGGAACAATCATAATAATAATAATTATTTGAGAATCTATAATTAATAAACATTTTATT---ATTTTTTCAATAAATATACCTTCTTCT
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Colias hecla

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 34
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Widespread in Canadian and Alaskan arctic tundra.

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Threats

Degree of Threat: D : Unthreatened throughout its range, communities may be threatened in minor portions of the range or degree of variation falls within natural variation

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Management

Global Protection: Few to several (1-12) occurrences appropriately protected and managed

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Wikipedia

Colias hecla

The Northern Clouded Yellow or Hecla Sulphur (Colias hecla) is a butterfly in the Pieridae family. In Europe, it is found in the northern part of Norway, Sweden and Finland up to heights of 900 m. It is also found in Greenland, Alaska, the Northwest Territories, Yukon, Quebec, Labrador, Manitoba, the Chukot region, East Chukotka, and the Far East.

The wingspan is 36–46 mm. The butterfly flies in June to August depending on the location.

The larvae feed on Astragalus species, including Astragalus frigidus and Astragalus alpinus as well as Trifolium repens. They are also known to feed on Salix arctica where Astragalus are absent.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

Colias hecla sulitelma

Colias hecla sulitelma is sometimes treated as a separate species Colias sulitelma. If that is the case, Colias hecla zamolodchikovi is considered a subspecies of Colias sulitelma, named Colias sulitelma zamolodchikovi.

Furthermore, Colias canadensis is sometimes treated as a subspecies of Colias hecla, named Colias hecla canadensis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ MSc thesis, University of Helsinki, 2012. http://hdl.handle.net/10138/36981
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