Overview

Brief Summary

Eurema brigitta, know as the Broad-bordered Grass Yellow, Small Grass Yellow, or No Brand Grass Yellow is a small (adult wingspan 28-45 mm), bright yellow butterfly in family Pieridae.  There are about 55 species in genus Eurema; E. brigitta can be distinguished from its similar congenitors by its lack of black spots on the unside of the forewing.  One of the 15 most common butterflies in Africa, Arabia and Southeast Asia, the Small Grass Yellow is widespread in almost all countries in both continents, including Madagascar and other islands.  It also occurs in Papua New Guinea and Australia.  This habitat generalist lives mainly in open grasslands, clearings and disturbed areas, up to altitudes of 2400 m.  Adults eat flower nectar; males also mud puddle on sand or dung, often in large migratory congregations.  The larvae, which grow to about 3 cm long have a darker green back and lighter lateral stripes.  Larvae feed on hostplants in the family Fabaceae (Leguminaceae): especially Chamaecrista mimosoidesNeptunia dimorphantha (in Australia), species in the genera SennaSesbaniaAlbiziaAcacia, and Tephrosia and Hypericum aethiopicum (family Hypericaceae).  For a nice photo description of the life history of this species, see http://www.butterflycircle.blogspot.com/2009/10/life-history-of-no-brand-grass-yellow.html

(Day 2000-2013; Hoskins 2013; Herbison 2009; Larsen 2011; Tan 2009)

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Distribution

Range Description

This species has a vast extent of occurrence across the Afrotropics and much of Asia. It has been recorded in practically all African countries, including most of the islands and has some migratory capacity. It is also found in Arabia and most of the Oriental Region. In Tanzania, it has been documented at altitudes from sea-level to 2,400 m (Kielland 1990).

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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is abundant across savanna and grassland, also arising in clearings, disturbed habitats, farmbush and along roads in forest. Both sexes visit flowers and males mud-puddle, sometimes congregating on damp sand or wet herbivore dung in very large numbers. Larval host-plants include Hypericum aethiopicu, Chamaecrista mimosoides, Senna species, Sesbania species, Albizia species, Acacia species, and Tephrosia species.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Eurema brigitta

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 21
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Eurema brigitta

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

ACAGGAATAGTAGGTACATCTCTT---AGATTATTAATTCGAACTGAATTAGGAAATCCAGGTTCTTTAATTGGAGAT---GATCAAATTTACAATACTATTGTAACAGCTCACGCTTTTATCATAATTTTTTTTATAGTAATACCCATTATAATTGGAGGATTTGGTAATTGATTAATTCCTTTAATG---TTAGGGGCCCCAGATATAGCATTTCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGACTTCTTCCCCCCTCATTAACCCTTTTAATTTCAAGAAGTATTGTTGAAAATGGAGCCGGAACAGGATGAACAGTATACCCCCCACTTTCATCAAATATTGCTCATAGAGGATCATCTGTTGACTTA---GCAATTTTTTCCTTACATTTAGCTGGAATTTCATCAATTTTGGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACTACTATTATTAATATACGAATTAATAATATATCTTTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTAGGAATTACAGCTTTATTATTACTTCTTTCATTACCTGTTTTAGCAGGT---GCAATTACCATACTTCTTACTGATCGAAATTTAAATACATCATTTTTTGACCCAGCTGGAGGTGGAGATCCTATTCTTTACCAACATCTATTTTGATTTTTTGGTCACCCC------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Larsen, T.

Reviewer/s
Lewis, O. & Böhm, M.

Contributor/s
Parker, E. & Senior, M.

Justification
Eurema brigitta is clearly a species of Least Concern. It is one of the most common butterflies throughout Africa and much of the Oriental Region. It is missing only from extreme desert and undisturbed rainforest.
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Population

Population
This is one of the fifteen most common butterflies in most of Africa and Asia.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no threats to this extremely widespread and habitat generalist species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No species-specific conservation actions are in place or required for this species.
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Wikipedia

Eurema brigitta

Small Grass Yellow or Broad-bordered Grass Yellow (Eurema brigitta) is a small butterfly of the family Pieridae, that is, the Yellows and Whites, which is found in India and other parts of Asia. It is also present in Australia and Africa.

Small grass yellow both forms

The wingspan is 30–35 mm. Adults are on the wing year-round.[1]

The larvae feed on Hypericum aethiopicum and Chamaecrista mimosoides.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Woodhall, S. Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa, Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 2005.
  • Evans, W.H. (1932) The Identification of Indian Butterflies. (2nd Ed), Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India
  • Gaonkar, Harish (1996) Butterflies of the Western Ghats, India (including Sri Lanka) - A Biodiversity Assessment of a threatened mountain system. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society.
  • Gay, Thomas; Kehimkar, Isaac & Punetha, J.C. (1992) Common Butterflies of India. WWF-India and Oxford University Press, Mumbai, India.
  • Kunte, Krushnamegh (2005) Butterflies of Peninsular India. Universities Press.
  • Wynter-Blyth, M.A. (1957) Butterflies of the Indian Region, Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai, India.

Habits, Behavior, Views[edit]

See also[edit]

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