Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 488 specimens in 4 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 53 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -9 - 210
  Temperature range (°C): -0.404 - 10.817
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.687 - 13.503
  Salinity (PPS): 8.500 - 34.886
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.247 - 7.806
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.354 - 1.719
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.022 - 48.967

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -9 - 210

Temperature range (°C): -0.404 - 10.817

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.687 - 13.503

Salinity (PPS): 8.500 - 34.886

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.247 - 7.806

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.354 - 1.719

Silicate (umol/l): 2.022 - 48.967
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known predators

Salmo (Salmo (brown trout)) is prey of:
Mustela
Homo sapiens

Based on studies in:
Norway: Oppland, Ovre Heimdalsvatn Lake (Lake or pond)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • P. Larson, J. E. Brittain, L. Lein, A. Lillehammer and K. Tangen, The lake ecosystem of Ovre Heimdalsvatn, Holarctic Ecology 1:304-320, from p. 311 (1978).
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Known prey organisms

Salmo (Salmo (brown trout)) preys on:
Osmerus
Diura
Platambus
Procladius
Eurycercus
Eiseniella
Mystacides
Lepidurus
Leptophlebia
Gammarus
Lymnaea
Holopedium
Limnephilus
Nemoura

Based on studies in:
USA: Maine (Lake or pond)
Norway: Oppland, Ovre Heimdalsvatn Lake (Lake or pond)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • P. Larson, J. E. Brittain, L. Lein, A. Lillehammer and K. Tangen, The lake ecosystem of Ovre Heimdalsvatn, Holarctic Ecology 1:304-320, from p. 311 (1978).
  • J. L. Brooks and E. S. Deevey, New England. In: Limnology in North America, D. G. Frey, Ed. (Univ. of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1963), pp. 117-162, from p. 143.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records: 504
Specimens with Sequences: 471
Specimens with Barcodes: 452
Species: 27
Species With Barcodes: 27
Public Records: 336
Public Species: 25
Public BINs: 2
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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Salmo

See Salmo, British Columbia for the Canadian village of the same name.

Salmo is a genus of fish in the salmon family (Salmonidae) that includes the familiar species Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (Salmo trutta). The natural distribution of the genus is chiefly European. Only the range of the Atlantic salmon extends to northern North America. The salmon and trout of the Pacific basin belong to another genus, Oncorhynchus.

The generic name Salmo derives from the Latin salmō (salmon).

The number of distinct species and subspecies in Salmo is a debated issue. Atlantic salmon and brown trout are widespread species, while most of the other taxa are narrowly distributed forms endemic to single watersheds.

Species[edit]

There are currently 46 recognized species in this genus: [2][3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sepkoski, Jack (2002). "A compendium of fossil marine animal genera". Bulletins of American Paleontology 364: p.560. Retrieved 2008-01-08. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Salmo in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  3. ^ a b c d Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2012): The trouts of the Mediterranean drainages of southern Anatolia, Turkey, with description of three new species (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 23 (3): 219-236.
  4. ^ a b c Turan, D., Kottelat, M. & Engin, S. (2014): Two new species of trouts from the Euphrates drainage, Turkey (Teleostei: Salmonidae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 24 (3) [2013]: 275-288.
  5. ^ Turan, D., M. Kottelat and S. Engin, 2009. Two new species of trouts, resident and migratory, sympatric in streams of northern Anatolia (Salmoniformes: Salmonidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 20(4):333-364.
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Salmothymus

Softmouth.jpg


Salmothymus is a genus name of fish in the Salmonidae family, established for the Adriatic trout (Salmothymus obrusirostris). More commonly, however, the species is considered a member of the wider genus Salmo, i.e. Salmo obtusirostris.[1][2] Salmothymus thus is a junior synonym of Salmo, not in current use.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Crivelli, A.J. (2006). Salmo obtusirostris. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 2009 September 25.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2009). "Salmo obtusirostris" in FishBase. September 2009 version.
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