North American Ecology (US and Canada)
Life History and Behavior
- Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Pyrisitia proterpia
Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.
See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.
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Download FASTA File
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pyrisitia proterpia
Public Records: 11
Specimens with Barcodes: 33
Species With Barcodes: 1
The upper side of the wings is orange with a variable amount of black along the fore wing costa. The wing veins are lightly marked with black in summer individuals, and winter individuals have no black veins. Males reflect UV light on their upper sides, and some females can be white. The underside of the wings varies depending on the season. Summer individuals are yellow-orange with the hind wing slightly pointed. Winter individuals are brown with darker brown markings with the hind wing being much more pointed. The wingspan measures 1¼ to 1¾ inches.
The only similar species in the Tailed Orange's range is the Sleepy Orange (Eurema nicippe).
The Sleepy Orange has a black fore wing cell spot on the upper side, the upper side of the hind wing has a black marginal border, and the hind wing is not pointed.
Here is a list of host plants used by the Tailed Orange:
- Jim P. Brock and Kenn Kaufman (2003). Butterflies of North America. Houghton Mifflin, New York, NY. ISBN 0-618-15312-8
- James A. Scott (1986). The Butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. ISBN 0-8047-2013-4
- Bob Stewart, Priscilla Brodkin and Hank Brodkin (2001). Butterflies of Arizona. West Coast Lady Press. ISBN 0-9663072-1-6
- Thomas J. Allen, Jim P. Brock and Jeffrey Glassberg (2005). Caterpillars in the Field and Garden. Oxford University Press, New York, NY. ISBN 978-0-19-514987-6
- F. Martin Brown and Bernard Heineman, Jamaica and its Butterflies (E. W. Classey, London 1972), plate VI
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