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This family contains a single species, the Red Pipesnake (Anilius scytale). These snakes are found in the Amazon rain forest , where they spend most of their time under ground or in the water. They give birth to live young and eat other snakes, caecilians, amphisbaenians, and eels. Although it has historically been grouped with Asian pipesnakes, it is now known to be most closely related to tropidophiids, superficially boa-like snakes found mostly in the Caribbean.