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Overview

Brief Summary

North American Ecology (US and Canada)

Resident in south Florida and Texas straying north (Scott 1986). Habitats are OPEN SUBTROPICAL AREAS. Host plants are usually herbaceous and include species from many families, including Cruciferae. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly or in clusters. There are multiple flights all year long in southern Florida and Texas (Scott 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Introduction

A widespread and migratory tropical American species.

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Distribution

Global Range: (>2,500,000 square km (greater than 1,000,000 square miles)) Neotropics. In US, coast of Gulf of Mexico, S. Texas, and Florida. Sporadic emigration up Mississippi as far north as Kansas and up Atlantic coast as far north as Virginia.

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occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Beaches and dunes, salt marshes, coastal plains, offshore islands, sandy flats. Less often disturbed areas.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Global Abundance

10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Adults feed mainly from nectar. Males patrol for females (Scott, 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Ascia monuste

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 21 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNCTTTCCCACGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGAATATTACCTCCTTCTTTAATACTTTTAATTTCTAGTAGAATTGTTGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGAACAGTGTACCCCCCACTTTCTTCTAATATTGCTCATAGAGGTTCTTCAGTTGATTTAGCAATTTTTTCTCTTCACTTAGCAGGTATTTCTTCTATTTTAGGAGCAATTAATTTTATTACTACCATTATTAATATACGAATTAAAAATATATCATTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTGTTTGAGCAGTAGGAATTACTGCATTACTTTTACTTTTATCTTTACCAGTTCTTGCTGGAGCAATTACTATACTCCTTACTGACCGAAATTTAAATACTNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ascia monuste

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 15
Specimens with Barcodes: 63
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Widespread neotropical species. Seasonal migration patterns poorly understood.

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Threats

Degree of Threat: D : Unthreatened throughout its range, communities may be threatened in minor portions of the range or degree of variation falls within natural variation

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Management

Global Protection: Unknown whether any occurrences are appropriately protected and managed

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Wikipedia

Ascia monuste

The Great Southern White (Ascia monuste) is the only species of butterfly of the genus Ascia of the Pieridae family. In this species the sexes may differ with the female being either light or dark colored. It is found from the Atlantic and Gulf coasts of the United States, south through tropical America to Argentina. Migratory along the south-eastern coast of the United States, with strays to Maryland, Kansas, and Colorado.

The wingspan is 63–86 mm. Adults are on wing all year round in southern Texas, peninsular Florida and along the Gulf Coast.

Ascia monuste is an example of a migrating species that moves in one direction within its life-span and does not return. It breeds in Florida but sometimes migrates along the coast up to 160 km to breed in more suitable areas.

The larvae feed on Brassicaceae (including Cakile maritima, cultivated cabbage and radish and Lepidium species) and plants in the Capparidaceae family, including nasturtium. Adults feed on nectar from various flowers including saltwort, lantana, and verbena. It is a sporadic pest of crucifer vegetables in southern Texas.

Subspecies[edit]

Gallery[edit]

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