- Common names: Mauritius snakes, Round Island boas, splitjaw snakes.
The Bolyeriidae are a family of snakes native to Mauritius and a few islands around it, especially Round Island. In the past they also occurred on the island of Mauritius, but were extirpated there due to human influence and foraging pigs in particular. These snakes were formerly placed in the Boidae, but are now classed as a separate family. Currently, two monotypic genera are recognized, but only a single species is extant.
|Genus||Taxon author||Species||Common name||Geographic range|
|BolyeriaT||Gray, 1842||1||Round Island burrowing boa||Mauritius.|
|Casarea||Gray, 1842||1||Round Island ground boa||Mauritius.|
Both of these monotypic gena once inhabited Mauritius and/or a number of islands around it. However, Bolyeria hasn't been reported since 1975 and is believed to be extinct, while Casarae is presently known to survive only on Round Island.
- Bolyeriidae by common name
- Bolyeriidae by taxonomic synonyms
- List of snakes, overview of all snake genera.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Bolyeriidae|
- McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
- "Bolyeriidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
- Bolyeridae at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 3 November 2008.
- Species Bolyeria multocarinata at The Reptile Database. Accessed 17 August 2007.
- Species Casarea dussumieri at The Reptile Database. Accessed 17 August 2007.