The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Arnold, E. N. 1984. Variation in the cloacal and hemipenial muscles of lizards and its bearing on their relationships. Pages 47-85 in M. W. J. Ferguson, ed., The structure, development and evolution of reptiles, Academic Press, London.
  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79
  • Camp, C. L. 1923. Classification of the lizards. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 48:289-481.
  • Estes, R. 1983. Sauria terrestria, Amphisbaenia Vol. 10A. Handbuch der Paleoherpetologie (Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology). Gustav Fisher Verlag, Stuttgart.
  • Estes, R., K. de Queiroz, and J. Gauthier. 1988. Phylogenetic relationships within Squamata. IN: Phylogenetic Relationships of the Lizard Families: Essays commemorating Charles L. Camp. (R. Estes and G. Pregill, eds.). Stanford University Press: Stanford, CA.
  • Etheridge, R. 1967. Lizard caudal vertebrae. Copeia 1967:699-721.
  • Flores-Villela, Oscar / McCoy, C. J., ed. 1993. Herpetofauna Mexicana: Lista anotada de las especies de anfibios y reptiles de México, cambios taxonómicos recientes, y nuevas especies. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication, no. 17. iv + 73
  • J. L. Brooks and E. S. Deevey, New England. In: Limnology in North America, D. G. Frey, Ed. (Univ. of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1963), pp. 117-162, from p. 143.
  • Jollie, M. T. 1960. The head skeleton of the lizard. Acta Zool. 41:1-64.
  • Julien, R., and S. Renous-Lecuru. 1972. Variations du trajet du nerf ulnaire (ulnaris) et de l'innervation des muscles dorsaux de la jambe chez les lacertiliens (reptiles, squamates): Valeur systematique et application phylogenetique. Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. 23:207-245.
  • Kluge, A. G. 1989. Progress in squamate classification "Review of Phylogenetic relationships of the lizard families: Essays commemorating Charles L. Camp". Herpetologica 45(3):368-379.
  • Lecuru, S. 1968. Etude des variations morphologiques du sternum, des clavicules et de l'interclavicule des lacertiliens. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. 10:511-544.
  • Lecuru, S. 1968. Myologie et innervation du membre anterieur des lacertiliens. Mem. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Nat. Zool. 48:127-215.
  • Lecuru, S. 1968. Remarques sur le scapulo-coraco de des lacertiliens. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool. 10:475-510.
  • Malan, M. E. 1946. Contributions to the comparative anatomy of the nasal capsule and the organ of Jacobson of the Lacertilia. Ann. Univ. Stellenbosch 24:69-137.
  • McDiarmid, Roy W., Jonathan A. Campbell, and T'Shaka A. Touré. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. xi + 511
  • McDowell, S. B., Jr., and C. M. Bogert. 1954. The systematic position of Lanthanotus and the affinities of the anguinomorphan lizards. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 105:1-142.
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at
  • Northcutt, R. G. 1978. Forebrain and midbrain organization in lizards and its phylogenetic significance. Pages 11-64 in N. Greenberg and P. D. MacLean, eds., Behavior and neurology of lizards, U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Rockville, Maryland.
  • Rage, J.-C. 1982. La phylogenie des lepidosauriens (Reptilia): Une approche cladistique. C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris 294:399-402.
  • Renous, S. 1980. Developpement de l'aspect historique de la biogeographie par la superposition de deux theses: Proposition d'une hypothese phylogenetique batie selon les principes Hennigiens et theorie de la derive des continents. C. R. Soc. Biogeogr. 57:81-102.
  • Renous-Lecuru, S. 1973. Morphologie comparee du carpe chez lepidosauriens actuels (rhynchocephales, lacertiliens, amphisbeniens). Gegenbaurs morph. Jahrb., Leipzig 119:727-766.
  • Rieppel, O. 1988. The classification of the Squamata. Pages 261-293 in M. J. Benton, ed., The phylogeny and classification of tetrapods, Volume 1: Amphibians, reptiles, birds, Clarendon Press, Oxford.
  • Russell, A. P. 1988. Limb muscles in relation to lizard systematics: A reappraisal. Pages 493-568 in R. Estes and G. Pregill, eds., Phylogenetic relationships of the lizard families. Essays commemorating Charles L. Camp Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.
  • Schwenk, K. 1988. Comparative morphology of the lepidosaur tongue and its relevance to squamate phylogeny. Pages 569-598 in R. Estes and G. Pregill, eds., Phylogenetic relationships of the lizard families. Essays commemorating Charles L. Camp. Stanford University Press, Stanford, California.
  • Shuker, KPN. 2001. The Hidden Powers of Animals: Uncovering the Secrets of Nature. London: Marshall Editions Ltd. 240 p.
  • Sukhanov, S. B. 1976. Some problems of the phylogeny and systematics of Lacertilia. Smithson. Herpetol. Inf. Serv. (38):1-15.
  • Townsend, T. M., A. Larson, E. Louis, and J. R. Macey. 2004. Molecular phylogenetic of Squamata: The Position of Snakes, amphisbaenians, and dibamids, and the root of the squamate tree. Systematic Biology 53(3):735-757.
  • Underwood, G. L. 1971. A modern appreciation of Camp's "Classification of the lizards". Pages iii-xvii in Camp's classification of the lizards, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.


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