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Description

 Life habit: lichenized; Thallus: crustose, leprose or byssaceous, in rounded patches or irregularly spreading, indeterminate to determinate, unstratified or stratified; prothallus: not evident; surface: bright yellow to vivid yellowish green, entirely composed of soredia and/or anastomosing hyphae; soredia: spherical, fine (up to c. 50 µm in diam.) to coarse (mostly more than c. 50 µm in diam.), loosely constructed and easily becoming disintegrated in squash preparations; photobiont: primary one a Chlorophyceaen coccoid (up to 22 µm in diam.), secondary one absent; Ascomata: apothecioid, rare, immersed or superficial, up to 2 mm in diam., round; disc: green, yellow, pale orange or brownish; concave to spherical; margin: poorly developed and ecorticate, or absent; exciple: poorly developed, composed of anastomosing hyphae; epihymenium: distinct, composed of the upper parts of the paraphysoids; hymenium: up to 75 µm tall; hamathecium: composed of paraphysoids richly anastomosing in epihymenium, without or with only slightly swollen apical cell; hypothecium: hyaline, poorly developed; asci: clavate, the inner wall extends to form a K/I+ blue papilla, 8-spored; ascospores: hyaline, 3-septate, narrowly obovate to narrowly ellipsoid, 9-15 x 2.5-5 µm; Conidiomata: unknown; Secondary metabolites: pulvinic acid derivatives, terpenes, depsides, and diagnostic unknowns; Geography: world-wide on all continents; Substrate: on trees, wood, rock, and plant remnants.; Note: Prior to the discovery of ascomata (Laundon 1981), species of Chrysothrix were placed in Lepraria, a genus for which no ascomata are known. 

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© Lichen Unlimited: Arizona State University, Tempe.

Source: Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region

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