The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • Akam, M. 2000. Arthropods: Developmental diversity within a (super) phylum. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 97:4438-4441.
  • Andersen, V., & Sardou J. (1994). PYROSOMA-ATLANTICUM (TUNICATA, THALIACEA) - DIEL MIGRATION AND VERTICAL-DISTRIBUTION AS A FUNCTION OF COLONY SIZE. JOURNAL OF PLANKTON RESEARCH. 16, 337-349.
  • Averof, M. and M. Akam. 1995. Insect-crustacean relationships: Insights from comparative developmental and molecular studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 347:293-303.
  • Averof, M. and M. Akam. 1995. Hox genes and the diversification of insect and crustacean body plans. Nature 376:420-423.
  • Ballard, J. W. O., O. Ballard, G. J. Olsen, D. P. Faith, W. A. Odgers, D. M. Rowell and P. Atkinson. 1992. Evidence from 12S ribosomal RNA sequences that onychophorans are modified arthropods. Science 258:1345-1348.
  • Bitsch, C. and J. Bitsch. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships of basal hexapods among the mandibulate arthropods: a cladistics analysis based on comparative morphological characters. Zoologica Scripta 33(6):511-550.
  • Blaxter, M. 2001. Evolutionary biology - Sum of the arthropod parts. Nature 413(6852):121-122.
  • Boore, J.L., D. V. Lavrov, and W.M. Brown. 1998. Gene translocation links insects and crustaceans. Nature 392:667-668.
  • Boore, J.L., T.M. Collins, D. Stanton, L.L Daehler, and W.M. Brown. 1995. Deducing the pattern of arthropod phylogeny from mitochondrial DNA rearrangements. Nature 376:163-165.
  • Briggs, D.E.G., and R.A. Fortey. 1989. The early radiation and relationships of the major arthropod groups. Science 246:241-243.
  • Briggs. D. E. G., R. A. Fortey and M. A. Wills. 1993. How big was the Cambrian explosion? A taxonomic and morphologic comparison of Cambrian and Recent arthropods. Pages 33-44 in Evolutionary Patterns and Processes (D. R. Lees and D. Edwards, eds.) Linnean Society Symposium, Linnean Society of London.
  • Brusca, R.C. 2000. Unraveling the history of arthropod diversification. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 87:13-25.
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. xiii + 992
  • Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca. 2002. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936
  • Budd, G. E. 1996. Progress and problems in arthropod phylogeny. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 9:356-358.
  • Budd, G. E. 1996. The morphology of Opabinia regalis and the reconstruction of the arthropod stem-group. Lethaia 29:1-14.
  • Budd, G. E. 2002. A palaeontological solution to the arthropod head problem. Nature 417:271-275.
  • Butler AJ, Rees T, Beesley P, Bax NJ. 2010. Marine Biodiversity in the Australian Region. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11831. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011831
  • Cameron, S.L., K.B. Miller, C.A. D’Haese, M.F. Whiting, and S.C. Barker. 2004. Mitochondrial genome data alone are not enough to unambiguously resolve the relationships of Entognatha, Insecta and Crustacea sensu lato (Arthropoda). Cladistics 20:534–557.
  • Chen, J. C., L. Ramsköld, and G. Zhou. 1994. Evidence for monophyly and arthropod affinity of cambrian giant predators. Science 263:1304-1308.
  • Coll M, Piroddi C, Steenbeek J, Kaschner K, Ben Rais Lasram F, et al. 2010. The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11842. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011842
  • Cook, C. E., , Q. Yue, and M. Akam. 2005. Mitochondrial genomes suggest that hexapods and crustaceans are mutually paraphyletic. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 272(1569):1295-1304.
  • Cook, C. E., M. L. Smith, M. J. Telford, A. Bastianello, and M. Akam. 2001. Hox genes and the phylogeny of the arthropods. Current Biology 11:759-763.
  • Cowles, D., Dyer A., & McFadden M. (2002). Key to Invertebrates Found At or Near The Rosario Beach Marine Laboratory. 2011,
  • Dohle, W. 1997. Are the insects more closely related to the crustaceans than to the myriapods? Entomologia Scandinavica Suppl. 51:7-16.
  • Dunlop, J. A. and C. P. Arango. 2005. Pycnogonid affinities: a review. Journal of Zoological Systematics & Evolutionary Research 43(1):8-21.
  • Edgecombe, G. D. 1998. Devonian terrestrial arthropods from Gondwana. Nature 394:172-175.
  • Edgecombe, G. D. (ed.) 1998. Arthropod fossils and phylogeny. Columbia University Press, New York.
  • Edgecombe, G. D. and L. Ramskold. 1999. Relationships of Cambrian Arachnata and the systematic position of Trilobita. Journal of Paleontology 73:263-287.
  • Edgecombe, G. D., G. D. F. Wilson, D. J. Colgan, M. R. Gray, and G. Cassis. 2000. Arthropod cladistics: Combined analysis of histone H3 and U2 snRNA sequences and morphology. Cladistics 16:155-203.
  • Edgecombe, G.D. and G. Giribet. 2002. Myriapod phylogeny and the relationships of Chilopoda. Pages 143-168 in: Biodiversidad, taxonomía y biogeografía de artrópodos de México: Hacia una síntesis de su conocimiento (J. Llorente Bousquets, J.J. Morrone & H. Ponce Ulloa, Eds.). Prensas de Ciencias, UNAM, Mexico.
  • Fortey, R. A. and R. H. Thomas (eds.) 1998. Arthropod Relationships. Systematics Association Special Volume Series 55. Chapman & Hall, London.
  • Friedrich, M. and D. Tautz. 1995. Ribosomal DNA phylogeny of the major extant arthropod classes and the evolution of myriapods. Nature 376:165-167.
  • Friedrich, M. and D. Tautz. 2001. Arthropod rDNA phylogeny revisited: a consistency analysis using Monte Carlo simulations. Pages 21-40 in Origin of the Hexapoda. T. Deuve, ed. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 37.
  • Fujikura K, Lindsay D, Kitazato H, Nishida S, Shirayama. 2010. Marine Biodiversity in Japanese Waters. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11836. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011836
  • Garcia-Machado, E., M. Pempera, N. Dennebouy, M. Oliva-Suarez, J. C. Mounolou, and M. Monnerot. 1999. Mitochondrial genes collectively suggest the paraphyly of crustacea with respect to insecta. Journal of Molecular Evolution 49:142-149.
  • Giribet G. and C. Ribera. 2000. A review of arthropod phylogeny: New data based on ribosomal DNA sequences and direct character optimization. Cladistics 16:204-231.
  • Giribet G., G. D. Edgecombe, and W. C. Wheeler. 2001. Arthropod phylogeny based on eight molecular loci and morphology. Nature 413:157-161.
  • Giribet, G. and C. Ribera. 1998. The position of arthropods in the animal kingdom: A search for a reliable outgroup for internal arthropod phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9:481-488.
  • Gordon DP, Beaumont J, MacDiarmid A, Robertson DA, Ahyong ST. 2010. Marine Biodiversity of Aotearoa New Zealand. PLoS ONE 5(8): e10905. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010905
  • Griffiths CL, Robinson TB, Lange L, Mead A, 2010. Marine Biodiversity in South Africa: An Evaluation of Current States of Knowledge. PLoS ONE 5(8): e12008. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012008
  • Griffiths HJ. 2010. Antarctic Marine Biodiversity ? What Do We Know About the Distribution of Life in the Southern Ocean?. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11683. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011683
  • Hassanin, A. 2006. Phylogeny of Arthropoda inferred from mitochondrial sequences: Strategies for limiting the misleading effects of multiple changes in pattern and rates of substitution. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38(1):100-116.
  • Hwang, U. W., M. Friedrich, D. Tautz, C. J. Park, and W. Kim. 2001. Mitochondrial protein phylogeny joins myriapods with chelicerates. Nature 413:154-157.
  • J. Brown, The structure and function of the tundra ecosystem, U.S. Tundra Biome 1971 Progress Rept. 1 (1971).
  • J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
  • Janzen, J.-W. 2002. Arthropods in Baltic Amber. Ampyx-Verlag, Halle (Saale).
  • Kusche, K. and T. Burmester. 2001. Diplopod hemocyanin sequence and the phylogenetic position of the Myriapoda. Molecular Biology and Evolution 18:1566-1573.
  • L. D. Harris and L. Paur, A quantitative food web analysis of a shortgrass community, Technical Report No. 154, Grassland Biome. U.S. International Biological Program (1972), from p. 17.
  • Lauterbach, K.E. 1988. The position of presumed Crustacea from the upper Cambrian in the phylogenetic system of the Mandibulata Arthropoda. Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins Hamburg 30:409-468.
  • Lebrato, M., & Jones D. O. B. (2009). Mass deposition event of Pyrosoma atlanticum carcasses off Ivory Coast (West Africa). LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY. 54, 1197-1209.
  • MacNaughton, R. B, J. M. Cole, R. W. Dalrymple, S. J. Braddy, D. E. G. Briggs, and T. D. Lukie. 2002. First steps on land: Arthropod trackways in Cambrian-Ordovician eolian sandstone, southeastern Ontario, Canada. Geology 30:391-394.
  • Mallatt, J., J. R. Garey, and J. W. Shultz. 2004. Ecdysozoan phylogeny and Bayesian inference: first use of nearly complete 28S and 18S rRNA gene sequences to classify the arthropods and their kin. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (31)1:178-191.
  • Martinez ND (1991) Artifacts or attributes? Effects of resolution on the Little Rock Lake food web. Ecol Monogr 61:367–392
  • Metaxas A, Kelly NE, 2010. Do Larval Supply and Recruitment Vary among Chemosynthetic Environments of the Deep Sea?. PLoS ONE 5(7): e11646. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011646
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Müller, K. J. and D. Walossek. 1985. A remarkable arthropod fauna from the Upper Cambrian "Orsten" of Sweden. Transactions Royal Society Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 76:161-172.
  • Negrisolo, E., A. Minelli, and G. Valle. 2004. The mitochondrial genome of the house centipede Scutigera and the monophyly versus paraphyly of myriapods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 21:770-780.
  • Osorio, D., M. Averof, and J. P. Bacon. 1995. Arthropod evolution: great brains, beautiful bodies. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10:449-454.
  • Panganiban, G. A. Sebring, L. Nagy, and S. Carroll. 1995. The development of crustacean limbs and the evolution of arthropods. Science 270:1363-1366.
  • Paulus, H. F. 2000. Phylogeny of the Myriapoda-Crustacea-Insecta: a new attempt using photoreceptor structure. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research 38:189-208.
  • Peel, A. D., A. D. Chipman, and M. Akam. 2005. Arthropod segmentation: Beyond the Drosophila paradigm. Nature Reviews Genetics 6(12):905-916.
  • Pisani, D., L.L. Polig, M. Lyons-Weiler, and S. B. Hedges. 2004. The colonization of land animals: molecular phylogeny and divergence times among arthropods. BMC Biol. 2(1).
  • Polis GA (1991) Complex desert food webs: an empirical critique of food web theory. Am Nat 138:123–155
  • Regier, J. C. and J. W. Shultz. 1997. Molecular phylogeny of the major arthropod groups indicates polyphyly of crustaceans and a new hypothesis for the origin of hexapods. Molecular Biology and Evolution 14:902-913.
  • Regier, J. C. and J. W. Shultz. 1998. Molecular phylogeny of arthropods and the significance of the Cambrian "explosion" for molecular systematics. American Zoologist 38:918-928.
  • Regier, J. C. and J. W. Shultz. 2001. A phylogenetic analysis of Myriapoda (Arthropoda) using two nuclear protein-encoding genes. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 132:469-486.
  • Regier, J. C. and J. W. Shultz. 2001. Elongation factor-2: A useful gene for arthropod phylogenetics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 20:136-148.
  • Regier, J. C., H. M. Wilson, and J. W. Shultz. 2005. Phylogenetic analysis of Myriapoda using three nuclear protein-coding genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 34(1):147-158.
  • Regier, J. C., J. W. Shultz, A. Zwick, A. Hussey, B. Ball, R. Wetzer, J. W. Martin, and C. W. Cunningham. 2010. Arthropod relationships revealed by phylogenomic analysis of nuclear protein-coding sequences. Nature. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature08742
  • Regier, J. C., J. W. Shultz, and R. E. Kambic. 2005. Pancrustacean phylogeny: hexapods are terrestrial crustaceans and maxillopods are not monophyletic. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 272(1561):395-401.
  • Richter, S. 2002. The Tetraconata concept: hexapod-crustacean relationships and the phylogeny of Crustacea. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 2:217-237.
  • Rota-Stabellia, O. and M. J. Telford. 2008. A multi criterion approach for the selection of optimal outgroups in phylogeny: Recovering some support for Mandibulata over Myriochelata using mitogenomics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 48(1):103-111.
  • Scholtz, G. 2001. Evolution of developmental patterns in arthropods - the analysis of gene expression and its bearing on morphology and phylogenetics. Zoology 103:99-111.
  • Schram, F. R. and R. A. Jenner. 2001. The origin of Hexapoda: a crustacean perspective. Pages 243-264 in Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Origin of the Hexapoda. T. Deuve, ed. Annales de la Société entomologique de France 37.
  • Shear, W. A. and J. Kukalová-Peck. 1990. The ecology of paleozoic terrestrial arthropods: the fossil evidence. Canadian Journal of Zoology 68:1807–1834.
  • Shultz, J. W. and J. C. Regier. 2000. Phylogenetic analysis of arthropods using two nuclear protein-coding genes supports a crustacean , hexapod clade. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 267:1011-1019.
  • Steven Vogel. 2003. Comparative Biomechanics: Life's Physical World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 580 p.
  • Strausfeld N. J. 1998. Crusteacean-insect relationships: The use of brain characters to derive phylogeny amongst segmented invertebrates. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 52:186-206.
  • Stys, P., and J. Zrzavy. 1994. Phylogeny and classification of extant Arthropoda: Review of hypotheses and nomenclature. European Journal of Entomology 91:257-275.
  • Telford, M. J. and R. H. Thomas. 1995. Demise of the Atelocerata? Nature 376:123-124.
  • Telford, M. J., Bourlat S. J., Economou A., Papillon D., & Rota-Stabelli O. (2008). The evolution of the Ecdysozoa. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 363(1496), 1529 - 1537.
  • Timmermans, M. J. T. N., D. Roelofs, J. Marien, and N. M. van Straalen. 2008. Revealing pancrustacean relationships: Phylogenetic analysis of ribosomal protein genes places Collembola (springtails) in a monophyletic Hexapoda and reinforces the discrepancy between mitochondrial and nuclear DNA markers. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:83. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-83
  • Waggoner, B. M. 1996. Phylogenetic Hypotheses of the Relationships of Arthropods to Precambrian and Cambrian Problematic Fossil Taxa. Systematic Biology 45:190-222.
  • Waloszek, D. and J. A. Dunlop. 2002. A larval sea spider (Arthropoda: Pycnogonida) from the Upper Cambrian 'Orsten' of Sweden, and the phylogenetic position of pycnogonids. Palaeontology 45:421-446.
  • Waloszek, D. and K. J. Müller. 1990. Upper Cambrian stem-lineage crustaceans and their bearing upon the monophyletic origin of Crustacea and the position of Agnostus. Lethaia 23:409-427.
  • Weygoldt, P. 1998. Evolution and systematics of the Chelicerata. Experimental and Applied Acarology 22:63-79.
  • Wheeler, W.C. and C.Y. Hayashi. 1998. The phylogeny of the extant chelicerate orders. Cladistics 14:173-192.
  • Wheeler, W.C., P. Cartwright, and C.Y. Hayashi. 1993. Arthropod phylogeny: A combined approach. Cladistics 9:1-39.
  • WoRMS (2013). Arthropoda. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1065
  • Zrzavy, J. and P. Stys. 1997. The basic body plan of arthropods: Insights from evolutionary morphology and developmental biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 10:353-367.

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!