The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Beccaloni G., Scoble M., Kitching I., Simonsen T., Robinson G., Pitkin B., Hine A. & Lyal C. (2015). LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3, Jan 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Feltwell, J. 1986. The Natural History of Butterflies. New York: Facts on File.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Holland, W. 1910. The Butterfly Book. New York: Doubleday.
  • Klots, A. 1951. A Field Guide to the Butterflies of North America, East of the Great Plains. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  • Moucha, J. 1963. Beautiful Butterflies. London: Westbook House.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Pyle, R. 1981. The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Butterflies. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Tveten, J. 1996. Butterflies of Houston and Southeast Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press.


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