Ecology

Associations

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Animal / parasite / ectoparasite / blood sucker
adult of Oeciacus hirundinis sucks the blood of nestling of Picidae
Other: minor host/prey

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Known prey organisms

Picidae preys on:
Sitta canadensis

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Evolution and Systematics

Functional Adaptations

Functional adaptation

Body manages impact: woodpecker
 

The body of woodpeckers manages chiseling impacts thanks to its curved body shape and tail that acts as a bracing spring.

   
  "[Franco] Lodato took as his model [for an ice axe] the woodpecker--a bird that chisels into wood to get at the insect larvae on which it feeds. Despite the bird's small size, it can manage 25 hits a second, with a surprisingly forceful impact. Studying the woodpecker's biomechanics further, Lodato found that its body is designed specifically for this movement. Woodpeckers brace themselves with their tails, which function as springs, taking advantage of both their center of gravity and their skull-bone configuration to absorb considerable stress. In other words, the birds did not hammer on the wood by using their necks. The finished axe consists of 'an inner core of titanium into which is inserted an adjustable aluminum point. These two parts are attached by a hinge inspired by the two valves of a mollusk. Special attention was dedicated to the shape of the handle. Rather than designing it to be straight, I incorporated into it a slight curve, again taking the body of the woodpecker as a model. This improves the efficiency of the blow.'" (Lodato 2005)
  Learn more about this functional adaptation.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:1125
Specimens with Sequences:897
Specimens with Barcodes:879
Species:165
Species With Barcodes:154
Public Records:602
Public Species:123
Public BINs:121
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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