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This article is about the frog genus. For the artist, see Adolf Hyła.

The genus Hyla is a member of the family of tree frogs (Hylidae). They have a very broad distribution; species can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa, and across the Americas. There were more than 300 described species in this genus, but after a major revision of the Hylidae family most of these have been moved to new genera so the genus now only contains 33 species".[1]

The genus was established by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768. It was named after Hylas in Greek mythology, the companion of Hercules. The name is unusual in that – though Laurenti knew that Hylas was male – the name is unambiguously treated in the feminine grammatical gender for reasons unknown. The etymology of the name is also often incorrectly given as being derived from the Greek word ὕλη (hūlē, "forest" or "wood").[2][3]


Barking tree frog, Hyla gratiosa
Binomial nameCommon name
H. andersonii Baird, 1854Pine Barrens tree frog
H. annectans (Jerdon, 1870)Jerdon's tree frog
H. arborea (Linnaeus, 1758)European tree frog
H. arboricola Taylor, 1941Arboreal tree frog
H. arenicolor Cope, 1866Canyon tree frog
H. avivoca Viosca, 1928Bird-voiced tree frog
H. bocourti Mocquard, 1899Bocourt's tree frog
H. chinensis Günther, 1858Common Chinese tree frog
H. chrysoscelis Cope, 1880Cope's gray tree frog
H. cinerea (Schneider, 1799)American green tree frog
H. ebraccata (Cope, 1874)Hourglass tree frog
H. euphorbiacea Günther, 1858Southern highland tree frog
H. eximia Baird, 1854Mountain tree frog
H. femoralis Bosc in Daudin, 1800Pine woods tree frog
H. graceae Myers & Duellman, 1982
H. gratiosa LeConte, 1856Barking tree frog
H. hallowellii Thompson, 1912Hallowell's tree frog
H. heinzsteinitzi Grach, Plesser, and Werner, 2007Mamilla pool tree frog
H. immaculata Boettger, 1888Spotless tree toad
H. intermedia Boulenger, 1882Italian tree frog
H. japonica Günther, 1859Japanese tree frog
H. meridionalis Boettger, 1874Mediterranean tree frog
H. plicata Brocchi, 1877Ridged tree frog
H. sanchiangensis Pope, 1929San Chiang tree frog
H. sarda (De Betta, 1853)Sardinian tree frog
H. savignyi Audouin, 1827Middle East tree frog
H. simplex Boettger, 1901Annam tree frog
H. squirella Bosc in Daudin, 1800Squirrel tree frog
H. stepheni Boulenger, 1888Northeast China tree toad
H. suweonensis Kuramoto, 1980Suweon tree frog
H. tsinlingensis Liu and Hu in Hu, Zhao, and Liu, 1966Shensi tree frog
H. versicolor LeConte, 1825Gray tree frog
H. walkeri Stuart, 1954Walker's tree frog
H. wrightorum Taylor, 1939Wright’s mountain tree frog
H. zhaopingensis Tang and Zhang, 1984Zhaoping tree frog

"Hyla" group[edit]

Faivovich et al. could not assign these species to a current genus, so they allocated them to the non-taxon "Hyla". Further work is needed to organize them.

Binomial nameCommon name
H. alboguttata Boulenger, 1882Whitebelly tree frog
H. antoniiochoai De la Riva and Chaparro, 2005
H. helenae Ruthven, 1919Helena's tree frog
H. imitator (Barbour and Dunn, 1921)Mimic tree frog
H. inframaculata Boulenger, 1882Santarem tree frog
H. warreni Duellman and Hoogmoed, 1992Warren's tree frog


  1. ^ Faivovich, J.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Frost, D.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Wheeler, W.C., 2005: Systematic Review of the Frog Family Hylidae, with Special Reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomic Revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Num. 294, pp.1-240. (
  2. ^ Charles W. Myers & Richard B. Stothers (2006). "The myth of Hylas revisited: the frog name Hyla and other commentary on Specimen medicum (1768) of J. N. Laurenti, the "father of herpetology"". Archives of Natural History 33: 241–266. doi:10.3366/anh.2006.33.2.241. 
  3. ^ "hyla". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005.  It gives the 'wood' etymology.


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