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The genus Hyla is one of approximately 38 genera in the family of tree frogs (Hylidae). They have a very broad distribution; species can be found in Europe, Asia, Africa, and across the Americas. There were more than 300 described species in this genus, but after a major revision of the Hylidae family most of these have been moved to new genera so the genus now only contains 33 species".
The genus was established by Josephus Nicolaus Laurenti in 1768. It was named after Hylas in Greek mythology, the companion of Hercules. The name is unusual in that though Laurenti knew that Hylas was male, the name is unambiguously treated in the feminine grammatical gender for reasons unknown. The etymology of the name is also oftentimes incorrectly given as being derived from the Greek word ὕλη (hūlē, "forest" or "wood").
Faivovich et al. could not assign these species to a current genus, so they allocated them to the non-taxon "Hyla". Further work is needed to organize them.
|Binomial name||Common name|
|H. alboguttata Boulenger, 1882||Whitebelly tree frog|
|H. antoniiochoai De la Riva and Chaparro, 2005|
|H. helenae Ruthven, 1919||Helena's tree frog|
|H. imitator (Barbour and Dunn, 1921)||Mimic tree frog|
|H. inframaculata Boulenger, 1882||Santarem tree frog|
|H. warreni Duellman and Hoogmoed, 1992||Warren's tree frog|
- Faivovich, J.; Haddad, C.F.B.; Garcia, P.C.A.; Frost, D.R.; Campbell, J.A.; Wheeler, W.C., 2005: Systematic Review of the Frog Family Hylidae, with Special Reference to Hylinae: Phylogenetic Analysis and Taxonomic Revision. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, Num. 294, pp.1-240. (http://digitallibrary.amnh.org/dspace/bitstream/2246/462/1/B294.pdf)
- Charles W. Myers & Richard B. Stothers (2006). "The myth of Hylas revisited: the frog name Hyla and other commentary on Specimen medicum (1768) of J. N. Laurenti, the "father of herpetology"". Archives of Natural History 33: 241–266. doi:10.3366/anh.2006.33.2.241.