The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes. 2003. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada
  • Eschmeyer, William N. 1990. Genera of Recent Fishes. iii + 697
  • Eschmeyer, William N., ed. 1998. Catalog of Fishes. Special Publication of the Center for Biodiversity Research and Information, no. 1, vol 1-3. 2905
  • Evermann, Barton W. 1893. Reconnaissance of the streams and lakes of western Montana and northwestern Wyoming. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, vol. 11, 1891; Plate XXII-3
  • Hureau, J.-C., and Th. Monod, eds. 1973. Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (Clofnam), vol. 1. xxii + 683
  • J. L. Brooks and E. S. Deevey, New England. In: Limnology in North America, D. G. Frey, Ed. (Univ. of Wisconsin Press, Madison, 1963), pp. 117-162, from p. 143.
  • K. W. Cummins, W. P. Coffman, P. A. Roff, Trophic relationships in a small woodland stream, Verh. Int. Ver. Theor. Angew. Limnol. 16:627-638, from p. 630 (1966).
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp. External link.
  • Nelson, Edward William, 1855-1934. 1887. Report Upon Natural History Collections Made in Alaska Between the Years 1877 and 1884. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office; Plate XVIII, Facing Verso of Plate XVII
  • Nelson, Joseph S. 1994. Fishes of the World, Third Edition. xvii + 600
  • Rutter, Cloudsley. 1908. Fishes of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Basin, with a Study of their Distribution and Variation. Washington, DC : Government Printing Office. Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries, vol. 27, 1907; Fig.3
  • Shiino, Sueo M. 1976. List of Common Names of Fishes of the World, Those Prevailing among English-speaking Nations. Science Report of Shima Marineland, no. 4. 262
  • Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 264.
  • WoRMS (2014). Cottus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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