Flowering Plants Visited by Halictus rubicunda in Illinois

Halictus rubicunda Christ: Halictidae (Halictinae), Hymenoptera
(an alternative spelling of this scientific name is Halictus rubicundus; observations are from Robertson, Evans, Moure & Hurd, Mitchell, Reed, Clinebell, Stoutamire, Barrett & Helenurm, and Thomson et al.)

Acanthaceae: Justicia americana sn fq (Rb); Anacardiaceae: Rhus copallina [pist sn fq] (Rb), Rhus glabra [stam sn cp fq] [pist sn fq] (Rb); Apiaceae: Chaerophyllum procumbens sn fq (Rb), Cicuta maculata sn cp fq (Rb), Cryptotaenia canadensis sn (Rb), Erigenia bulbosa sn (Rb), Eryngium yuccifolium sn (Rb), Heracleum maximum sn (Rb), Osmorhiza longistylis sn (Rb), Oxypolis rigidior sn (Rb), Perideridia americana sn cp (Rb), Sium suave sn (Rb), Thaspium trifoliatum flavum sn (Rb), Zizia aurea sn fq (Rb); Araliaceae: Aralia hispida (TMP), Aralia nudicaulis (BH); Asclepiadaceae: Asclepias incarnata [plpr sn] (Rb), Asclepias sullivanti dead np (Rb), Asclepias syriaca [plpr sn] (Rb), Asclepias tuberosa [plup sn] (Ev), Asclepias verticillata [plpr sn] (Rb); Asteraceae: Antennaria neglecta [stam sn cp] (Ev, Gr), Antennaria plantaginifolia [stam sn fq] [pist sn fq] (Rb, Ev, MH), Anthemis cotula sn cp (Rb, Gr), Arctium minus sn (Rb), Arnoglossum muhlenbergii sn (Gr), Aster drummondii sn (Gr), Aster furcatus sn cp (Gr), Aster laevis sn (Gr), Aster lanceolatus sn (Rb), Aster lateriflorus sn (Gr), Aster macrophyllus sn cp (Gr), Aster nova-angliae sn (Gr), Aster pilosus sn cp (Rb), Aster prenanthoides sn (Gr), Aster puniceus sn cp (Gr), Cirsium arvense sn cp (Gr), Cirsium vulgare sn (Gr), Conyza canadensis sn (Gr), Coreopsis palmata sn cp (Rb), Coreopsis tripteris Pt), Echinacea pallida (Cl), Erigeron annuus sn (Gr), Erigeron philadelphicus (MH), Eupatorium perfoliatum sn (Rb), Euthamia graminifolia sn (Gr), Helianthus annuus (MH), Helianthus strumosus sn cp (Gr), Krigia biflora sn (Rb), Lactuca pulchella (MH), Leucanthemum vulgare sn (Gr), Nothocalais cuspidata (MH), Oligoneuron rigidum (Ev, MH), Ratibida pinnata sn cp (Rb), Rudbeckia hirta sn cp (Gr, Ev, Pt), Rudbeckia laciniata (MH), Rudbeckia triloba sn (Rb), Senecio aureus sn cp (Gr), Silphium perfoliatum sn (Rb), Silphium terebinthinaceum sn cp fq (Rb), Solidago canadensis sn cp (Rb, Gr), Solidago gigantea (MH), Solidago juncea sn cp (Ev, Gr), Solidago nemoralis (Ev), Tanacetum vulgare sn (Gr), Verbesina helianthoides sn cp (Rb); Berberidaceae: Caulophyllum thalictroides sn (Rb); Brassicaceae: Arabis shortii sn (Rb), Capsella bursa-pastoris sn cp (Rb), Dentaria laciniata sn (Rb), Sibara virginica sn (Rb); Cactaceae: Opuntia humifusa cp (MH); Campanulaceae: Campanulastrum americanum sn (Rb); Capparaceae: Cleome serrulata (MH); Caprifoliaceae: Symphoricarpos occidentalis (MH), Symphoricarpos orbiculatus sn fq (Rb), Triosteum perfoliatum cp np (Rb), Viburnum prunifolium sn cp (Rb); Caryophyllaceae: Cerastium nutans sn (Rb), Stellaria media sn (Rb); Euphorbiaceae: Euphorbia corollata (Pt); Fabaceae: Amorpha canescens sn cp fq (Rb, Re), Cercis canadensis sn cp fq (Rb), Dalea candida sn cp fq (Rb, Pt), Dalea purpurea sn cp fq (Rb, Pt), Melilotus alba sn cp (Rb), Orbexilum onobrychis sn (Rb), Trifolium pratense fp np (Rb), Trifolium repens sn cp fq (Rb); Geraniaceae: Geranium maculatum sn cp (Rb); Grossulariaceae: Ribes cynosbati sn (Gr), Ribes missouriense sn fp np (Rb, Gr); Lamiaceae: Agastache foeniculum (Re), Blephilia hirsuta sn (Rb), Lycopus americanus sn (Rb), Monarda fistulosa sn@prf cp np (Rb, Ev, MH, Re, Cl), Nepeta cataria sn fq (Rb), Pycnanthemum pilosum sn (Rb), Pycnanthemum tenuifolium sn fq (Rb), Pycnanthemum virginianum sn (Rb, Re), Teucrium canadense sn (Rb); Lauraceae: Sassafras albidum sn (Rb); Liliaceae: Camassia scilloides sn cp (Rb), Erythronium albidum sn (Rb), Maianthemum canadense cp (Gr, BH), Smilacina racemosa cp (Gr), Smilacina stellata sn cp (Rb, Gr); Malvaceae: Malva neglecta sn cp (Rb); Nelumbonaceae: Nelumbo lutea cp (Rb); Nymphaeaceae: Nymphaea tuberosa dead np (Rb); Onagraceae: Oenothera pilosella cp np (Rb); Orchidaceae: Cypripedium pubescens dead np (Stm); Oxalidaceae: Oxalis stricta (MH), Oxalis violacea sn cp fq (Rb); Papaveraceae: Sanguinaria canadensis cp (Gr); Polemoniaceae: Polemonium reptans sn cp (Rb); Polygonaceae: Persicaria hydropiper sn (Rb), Persicaria hydropiperoides sn (Rb), Persicaria vulgaris sn (Rb); Portulacaceae: Claytonia virginica sn cp fq (Rb); Ranunculaceae: Anemone patens multifida cp (MH), Anemonella thalictroides sn (Rb), Clematis virginiana [stam sn] (Rb), Delphinium tricorne cp np (Rb), Enemion biternatum cp (Rb), Ranunculus fascicularis sn (Rb), Ranunculus septentrionalis sn cp (Rb); Rhamnaceae: Ceanothus americanus (MH), Rhamnus lanceolata sn cp (Rb); Rosaceae: Amelanchier arborea sn (Rb), Crataegus intricata sn (Rb), Crataegus mollis sn cp fq (Rb), Fragaria virginiana (Mch, Ev), Prunus americana sn cp (Rb), Prunus serotina [flwr sn cp fq] (Rb), Rubus alleghiensis sn (Rb); Rubiaceae: Cephalanthus occidentalis sn (Rb), Houstonia longifolia (Ev); Rutaceae: Ptelea trifoliata sn (Rb), Zanthoxylum americanum [pist sn] (Rb); Salicaceae: Salix amygdaloides [stam sn cp fq] [pist sn fq] (Rb), Salix humilis [stam sn fq] [pist sn fq] (Rb), Salix interior [stam sn cp] (Rb), Salix nigra [stam sn cp] (Rb), Salix rigida [stam sn fq] [pist sn fq] (Rb); Santalaceae: Comandra umbellata sn (Rb); Scrophulariaceae: Collinsia verna cp (Rb), Penstemon pallidus cp np (Pt), Scrophularia marilandica sn cp (Rb), Veronicastrum virginicum fq (Cl); Tiliaceae: Tilia americana sn (Rb); Verbenaceae: Verbena hastata sn (Rb), Verbena stricta sn (Rb), Verbena urticifolia sn fq (Rb)


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