Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Vanessa cardui Preferred
Cynthia cardui Synonym
Vanessa cardui (Linnaeus, 1758)

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Cynthia cardui Linnaeus 1758 Preferred
Pyrameis brunnea-albimaculata Reuss, 1915
Vanessa albicans Verity, 1950
Pyrameis carduelis Cramer, 1775
Vanessa albipuncta Lempke, 1956
Pyrameis carduelina Alphéraky, 1908
Pyrameis minor Cannaviello, 1900
Pryrameis martha-maria Stephan, 1924
Pyrameis johni Fischer, 1932
Pyrameis elymnias Rambur, 1829
Vanessa inornata Bramson, 1886
Vanessa nigripuncta Lempke, 1956
Pyrameis carduelis Schultz, 1906
Pyrameis flava Bandermann, 1928
Vanessa wiskotti Standfuss, 1896
Pyrameis rosacea Reuss, 1915
Pyrameis pallida Schoyen, 1881
Pyrameis schoenfellneri Hoffmann, 1925
Pyrameis takesakiana Kato, 1925
Pyrameis rosea Pionneau, 1926
Pyrameis subfracta Stack, 1925
Pyrameis rogeri Meilhan, 1929
Pyrameis pallens Noel, 1881
Pyrameis varini Meilhan, 1929


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