The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. Carter, D. (1992) Butterflies and moths. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 2. Asher, J., Warren, M., Fox, R., Harding, P., Jeffcoate, G. & Jeffcoate, S. (2001) The Millennium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 3. Carter, D. & Hargreaves, B. (1986) A field guide to caterpillars of butterflies and moths in Britain and Europe. William Collins & Sons Ltd, London.
  • F., Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2007).  Butterflies of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo, Egypt..  
  • George Beccaloni, Malcolm Scoble, Ian Kitching, Thomas Simonsen, Gaden Robinson, Brian Pitkin, Adrian Hine & Chris Lyal (2013). LepIndex: LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3,). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication. illinoiswildflowers.info, version (07/2014) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 16, 2011 at http://animaldiversity.org. http://www.animaldiversity.org
  • Opler, Paul A. A Field Guide to Eastern Butterflies. Houghton Mifflin Company, 1992.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
  • Sheilds, O. World Distribution of of the Vanessa Cardui group. Journal of the Lepidopterists' Society 46(6):235-238.
  • Shull, Ernest M.. The Butterflies of Indiana. Indiana Academy of Science, 1987.
  • [Anonymous]   (2005).  TrekNature (Learning about nature through photography).  
  • [Anonymous]   (2011).  Butterfly Corner . net.  

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