The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. Carter, D. (1992) Butterflies and moths. Dorling Kindersley, London.
  • 2. Asher, J., Warren, M., Fox, R., Harding, P., Jeffcoate, G. & Jeffcoate, S. (2001) The Millennium Atlas of Butterflies in Britain and Ireland Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  • 3. Carter, D. & Hargreaves, B. (1986) A field guide to caterpillars of butterflies and moths in Britain and Europe. William Collins & Sons Ltd, London.
  • Bitzer, R. 2009. "The Red Admiral and Painted Lady Research Site" (On-line). Accessed 04/22/09 at
  • F., Gilbert., & S. Zalat.   (2007).  Butterflies of Egypt: Atlas, Red Data Listing & conservation, Ministry of State for Environmental Affairs, Cairo, Egypt..  
  • George Beccaloni, Malcolm Scoble, Ian Kitching, Thomas Simonsen, Gaden Robinson, Brian Pitkin, Adrian Hine & Chris Lyal (2013). LepIndex: LepIndex: The Global Lepidoptera Names Index (version 12.3,). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (01/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Holland, W. 1907. The Butterfly Book. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company.
  • Hubbell, S. 1993. Broadsides from the Other Orders. New York: Random House.
  • Kellogg, V. 1906. American Insects. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
  • Opler, P. A. and A. Bartlett Wright. 1999. Western Butterflies. Peterson Field Guides. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston, New York.
  • Opler, P., K. Lotts, T. Naberhaus. 2009. "Red Admiral" (On-line). Butterflies and Moths of North America. Accessed 04/22/09 at
  • Parenti, U. 1977. The World of Butterflies & Moths. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.
  • Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A catalogue of the butterflies of the United States and Canada with a complete bibliography of the descriptive and systematic literature. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera, vol. 40. xiv + 658
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
  • Shalaway, Scott. 2004. Butterflies in the Backyard. ISBN 0-8117-2695-9, Stackpole Books, Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania. p.38
  • Stewart, B., P. Brodkin, and H. Brodkin. 2001. Butterflies of Arizona. A Photographic Guide. West Coast Lady Press, Arcata, CA.
  • Vanessa atalanta Linnaeus
  • [Anonymous]   (2011).  Entomology Collection.  


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