Overview

Brief Summary

North American Ecology (US and Canada)

Texola elada is resident from southern Arizona, New Mexico and Texas south to Oaxaca Mexico (Scott 1986). Habitats are desert scrub and open thorn forest. Host plants are herbaceous and largely restricted to one family, Compositae. There are multiple flights each year with the approximate flight time at least April 1-Oct. 31 (Scott 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Distribution

occurs (regularly, as a native taxon) in multiple nations

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: (20,000-2,500,000 square km (about 8000-1,000,000 square miles)) Mexico to S. Arizona; Central and S. Texas.

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Physical Description

Type Information

Type for Melitaea callina Boisduval
Catalog Number: USNM
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology
Locality: Mexico. Date:Unknown, Unknown, Mexico
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Desert thorn scrub or shrub savannah with mesquite and saguaro. In Texas, larval host is Siphonoglossa pilosella.

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Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 81 to >300

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Global Abundance

10,000 to >1,000,000 individuals

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Males patrol for females (Scott, 1986).
  • Scott, J. A. 1986. The butterflies of North America. Stanford University Press.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Texola elada

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TGAGCAGGAATAGTTGGAACATCTTTAAGACTTTTAATTCGAACTGAATTAGGAAACCCGGGATCACTAATTGGAGAC---GATCAAATTTACAATACTATTGTTACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGGGGATTTGGTAATTGATTAGTCCCATTAATATTAGGAGCCCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGACTATTACCCCCATCACTTATTCTGTTAATTTCAAGTAGAATTGTAGAAAATGGAGCAGGAACAGGATGAACAGTGTACCCCCCACTTTCTTCTAATATTGCTCATAGTGGATCATCTGTTGATTTAGCAATTTTTTCTTTACATTTAGCCGGAATTTCATCAATTTTAGGAGCTATTAATTTTATTACTACAATTATTAATATACGAATTAATAATATATCATTTGATCAAATACCCCTATTCGTTTGAGCAGTTGGTATTACAGCTCTTTTATTACTATTATCATTACCCGTATTAGCAGGAGCTATTACTATACTTTTAACAGATCGAAATATTAATACATCATTTTTTGATCCAGCTGGAGGAGGAGATCCTATTTTATACCAACATTTATTTTGATTTTTTGGTCACCCNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNCCAGGATCAGGTATAATCTCCCATATTATTTCACAAGAAAGAGGAAAAAAAGAAACCTTTGGATGTTTAGGAATAATTTATGCTATAATAGCAATTGGTTTATTAGGATTTATTGTTTGAGCTCACCATATATTCACAGTAGGTATAGATATTGACACTCGAG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Texola elada

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N5 - Secure

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

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Threats

Comments: Unknown.

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Management

Global Protection: Unknown whether any occurrences are appropriately protected and managed

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Wikipedia

Texola elada

The Elada Checkerspot (Texola elada) is a species of butterfly in the brush-footed butterfly family, Nymphalidae. It is found from southern Mexico north to central Texas and central Arizona in the United States.[1]

The wingspan is 22–32 mm (0.87–1.26 in). Adults are on wing from April to October. There are several generations per year.[1]

The larvae feed on Siphonoglossa pilosella in Texas. They have been recorded feeding on various yellow Asteraceae species in Mexico. Adults feed on flower nectar.[1]

Ventral view

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Elada Checkerspot Texola elada (Hewitson, 1868)". Butterflies and Moths of North America. Retrieved 2010-09-21. 
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