Physical Description

Type Information

Holotype for Lysiosquilla panamica Manning
Catalog Number: USNM 136689
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Locality: Panama, Gulf of Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 15 to 15
  • Holotype: Manning, R. B. 1971. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 84(27): 225-230.
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Paratype for Lysiosquilla panamica Manning
Catalog Number: USNM 68582
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): F. Ziesenhenne
Year Collected: 1933
Locality: La Libertad, Off Gangway At Anchorage, Ecuador, South Pacific Ocean
Vessel: Velero III R/V
  • Paratype: Manning, R. B. 1971. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 84(27): 225-230.
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Paratype for Lysiosquilla panamica Manning
Catalog Number: USNM 137111
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): L. Abele
Year Collected: 1969
Locality: Panama Bay, Mouth Of River And Around Islets, Panama, Gulf of Panama, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 3 to 8
  • Paratype: Manning, R. B. 1971. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 84(27): 225-230.
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Paratype; Paratype for Lysiosquilla antillensis Manning
Catalog Number: USNM 106055
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male; female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): Randall & Thomas
Year Collected: 1958
Locality: St. John Island, Lameshur Bay, Off Yawsi Point, Virgin Islands of the United States, Caribbean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 9 to 9
  • Paratype: Manning, R. B. 1961. Allan Hancock At. Exped. (9): 35, pl. 9.; Paratype: Camp, D. K. & Manning, R. B. 1986. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 444: iii-17.
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Lectotype; Syntype for Lysiosquilla maiaguesensis Bigelow
Catalog Number: USNM 64824
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Mayaguez, Off Point Jiguero Light, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 315 to 315
Vessel: Fish Hawk R/V
  • Lectotype: Manning, R. B. 1969. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 8: 254, fig. 71.; Bigelow, R. P. Bull. U.S. Fish. Commn. 2: 158, fig.10-13.; Syntype: Manning, R. B. 1969. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 8: 254, fig. 71.; Bigelow, R. P. Bull. U.S. Fish. Commn. 2: 158, fig.10-13.
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Paralectotype; Syntype for Lysiosquilla maiaguesensis Bigelow
Catalog Number: USNM 110939
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male; female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1899
Locality: Mayaguez Harbor, Off Point Jigureo Light, Puerto Rico, Caribbean Sea, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 315 to 315
Vessel: Fish Hawk R/V
  • Paralectotype: Manning, R. B. 1969. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 8: 254, fig. 71.; Bigelow, R. P. Bull. U.S. Fish. Commn. 2: 158, fig.10-13.; Syntype: Manning, R. B. 1969. Stud. Trop. Oceanogr. 8: 254, fig. 71.; Bigelow, R. P. Bull. U.S. Fish. Commn. 2: 158, fig.10-13.
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Paralectotype for Lysiosquilla decemspinosa Rathbun
Catalog Number: USNM 105352
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male; female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): R. Coker
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Capon, Inside Beach, Peru, South Pacific Ocean
  • Paralectotype: Rathbun, M. J. 1910. The Stalk-Eyed Crustacea of Peru and Adjacent Coast. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 38(1766)
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Lectotype for Lysiosquilla decemspinosa Rathbun
Catalog Number: USNM 40498
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): R. Coker
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Capon, Inside Beach, Peru, South Pacific Ocean
Microhabitat: In vertical holes in muddy sand
  • Lectotype: Rathbun, M. J. 1910. The Stalk-Eyed Crustacea of Peru and Adjacent Coast. Proc. U.S. Natl. Mus. 38(1766)
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Holotype for Lysiosquilla californiensis Manning
Catalog Number: USNM 76375
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: female;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Collector(s): W. Schmitt
Year Collected: 1936
Locality: Puerto Escondido, Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California, North Pacific Ocean
Depth (m): 48 to 48
Vessel: Velero III R/V
  • Holotype: Manning, R. B. 1961. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 74: 33, figs.4-6.
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Holotype for Lysiosquilla campechiensis Manning
Catalog Number: USNM 92651
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Sex/Stage: male;
Preparation: Alcohol (Ethanol)
Year Collected: 1951
Locality: Campeche Bay, Yucatan, Mexico, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic Ocean
Depth (m): 62 to 66
Vessel: Oregon R/V
  • Holotype: Manning, R. B. 1962. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 75: 219.
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 219 - 219
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 15 - 15
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 2
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 17 - 17
 
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Depth range based on 2 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 64 - 64
  Temperature range (°C): 22.891 - 22.891
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.703 - 2.703
  Salinity (PPS): 36.447 - 36.447
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.544 - 4.544
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.168 - 0.168
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.099 - 2.099
 
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Depth range based on 5 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 5 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 11 - 64
  Temperature range (°C): 22.996 - 27.441
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.353 - 5.656
  Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 36.481
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.454 - 4.720
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.053 - 0.194
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.993 - 2.664

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 11 - 64

Temperature range (°C): 22.996 - 27.441

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.353 - 5.656

Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 36.481

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.454 - 4.720

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.053 - 0.194

Silicate (umol/l): 0.993 - 2.664
 
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 12 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 12 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5 - 145
  Temperature range (°C): 22.466 - 27.441
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 5.656
  Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 36.481
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.716 - 4.855
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.053 - 0.733
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 2.664

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 5 - 145

Temperature range (°C): 22.466 - 27.441

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 5.656

Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 36.481

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.716 - 4.855

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.053 - 0.733

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 2.664
 
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 12 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 12 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 5 - 145
  Temperature range (°C): 22.466 - 27.441
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 5.656
  Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 36.481
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.716 - 4.855
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.053 - 0.733
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 2.664

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 5 - 145

Temperature range (°C): 22.466 - 27.441

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 5.656

Salinity (PPS): 35.339 - 36.481

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.716 - 4.855

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.053 - 0.733

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 2.664
 
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Wikipedia

Nannosquilla decemspinosa

Nannosquilla decemspinosa is a species of long-bodied, short-legged Mantis Shrimp. It lives in shallow sandy areas along the Pacific coast of Central and South America.

It is most well known because when stranded by a low tide the 3 cm stomatopod lies on its back and performs backwards somersaults over and over. The animal moves up to 2 meters at a time by rolling 20-40 times, with speeds of around 72 revolutions per minute - 1.5 body lengths per second (3.5 cm/s). Researchers estimate that the stomatopod acts as a true wheel around 40% of the time during this series of rolls. The remaining 60% of the time it has to "jumpstart" a roll by using its body to thrust itself upwards and forwards.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Great Moments in Science - Real Wheel Animals - Part Two". Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  2. ^ Pamela S. Turner. Who You Callin' "Shrimp"? (vol. 43 no. 6). National Wildlife. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
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Lysiosquilla

Lysiosquilla is a genus of mantis shrimp of the family Lysiosquillidae, containing the following species:[1]

References


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