Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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© WoRMS for SMEBD

Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Depth range based on 134 specimens in 22 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 79 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 1487
  Temperature range (°C): 4.335 - 27.198
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.114 - 29.182
  Salinity (PPS): 34.215 - 38.605
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.875 - 5.576
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.073 - 2.336
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 34.040

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 1487

Temperature range (°C): 4.335 - 27.198

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.114 - 29.182

Salinity (PPS): 34.215 - 38.605

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.875 - 5.576

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.073 - 2.336

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 34.040
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:73Public Records:45
Specimens with Sequences:56Public Species:4
Specimens with Barcodes:52Public BINs:7
Species:5         
Species With Barcodes:4         
          
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Lysmata

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Lysmata

Lysmata is a genus of shrimp in the infraorder Caridea, the caridean shrimp. The genus now belongs to the family Hippolytidae, but recent cladistic analysis suggests it should be included in its former family, Lysmatidae.[3] Lysmata are popular ornamental shrimp in the marine aquarium trade for their bright color patterns, interesting behaviors, and ability to control certain aquarium pests[3] such as sea anemones of the genus Aiptasia.[4] They are known to command high prices on the pet market.[5]

The genus is informally divided into two main categories. Some species are cleaner shrimp which "clean" parasites and other material from fish, live in pairs, and are brightly colored, often in contrasting reds and yellows with white antennae. Other species are the "peppermint shrimp", which have semi-translucent, red-banded bodies, and live in large groups. Some peppermint shrimp perform cleaning behaviors, but less actively than do the cleaner shrimp.[4]

The genus has been studied with interest due to its unusual sexual system, protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism.[3] While some other taxa of shrimp undergo sequential hermaphroditism, they have only been observed changing from male to female. In Lysmata, males become true hermaphrodites instead of females.[6] So far, every species studied has been confirmed to have this sexual system.[7] During their "female phase" they actually have functioning male and female tissues in their gonads and produce both types of gamete. When paired, they take turns fertilizing each other's eggs.[6]

Lysmata occur in the tropics and in warmer temperate waters. They ususally live on rock and coral reefs, in shallow and deeper areas. Some live in sponges.[7]

Species[edit]

Lysmata contains the following species:[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ May also be considered a synonym of Lysmata vittata (Stimpson, 1860)[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lysmata Risso, 1816". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ J. Antonio Baeza (2010). "Molecular systematics of peppermint and cleaner shrimps: phylogeny and taxonomy of the genera Lysmata and Exhippolysmata (Crustacea: Caridea: Hippolytidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 160 (2): 254–265. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2009.00605.x. 
  3. ^ a b c Andrew L. Rhyne, Ricardo Calado & Antonina Dos Santos (2012). "Lysmata jundalini, a new peppermint shrimp (Decapoda, Caridea, Hippolytidae) from the Western Atlantic" (PDF). Zootaxa 3579: 71–79. 
  4. ^ a b Andrew L. Rhyne & Junda Lin (2006). "A western Atlantic peppermint shrimp complex: redescription of Lysmata wurdemanni, description of four new species, and remarks on Lysmata rathbunae (Crustacea: Decapoda: Hippolytidae)" (PDF). Bulletin of Marine Science 79 (1): 165–204. 
  5. ^ Ricardo Calado, Cátia Bartilotti, Luís Narciso & Antonina Dos Santos (2004). "Redescription of the larval stages of Lysmata seticaudata (Risso, 1816) (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae) reared under laboratory conditions". Journal of Plankton Research 26 (7): 737–752. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbh072. 
  6. ^ a b G. Curt Fiedler (1998). "Functional, simultaneous hermaphroditism in female-phase Lysmata amboinensis (Decapoda: Caridea: Hippolytidae)" (PDF). Pacific Science 52 (2): 161–169. 
  7. ^ a b J. Antonio Baeza, Christoph D. Schubart, Petra Zillner, Soledad Fuents & Raymond T. Bauer (2009). "Molecular phylogeny of shrimps from the genus Lysmata (Caridea: Hippolytidae): the evolutionary origins of protandric simultaneous hermaphroditism and social monogamy" (PDF). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 96 (2): 415–424. 
  8. ^ M. Türkay (2012). "Lysmata Risso, 1816". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved January 6, 2013. 
  9. ^ Guidomar Oliveira Soledade, Juan Antonio Baeza, Guisla Boehs, Sabrina Morilhas Simões, Patricia Souza Santos, Rogerio Caetano da Costa & Alexandre Oliveira Almeida (2013). "A precautionary tale when describing species in a world of invaders: morphology, coloration and genetics demonstrate that Lysmata rauli is not a new species endemic to Brazil but a junior synonym of the Indo-Pacific L. vittata". Journal of Crustacean Biology 33 (1): 66–77. doi:10.1163/1937240X-00002122. 
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