Overview

Comprehensive Description

Summary

"Ypthima baldus, also known as the Common Fivering, is a Satyrinae butterfly found in Asia."
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Physical Description

Morphology

"Adults: Wet-season form: Male: Upperside brown, both fore and hind wing with terminal margins much darker, and generally with more or less distinct sub-basal and discal dark bands. Fore wing with a large, slightly oblique, oval, bi-pupilled, yellow-ringed black, pre-apical ocellus. Hind wing with two postdiscal, round, uni-pupilled, similar but smaller ocelli, and very often one or two minute tornal ocelli also. Underside similar to the underside in Ypthima philomela but the ochraceous-white ground-colour paler, tin-transverse brown strice coarser, the ocelli on the hind wing more distinctly in echelon, two tornal, two median, and two pre-apical, and on both fore and hind wing more or less distinctly defined, subbasal, discal and subterminal brown transverse bands. Female: Differs on the upperside in having the area surrounding or bordering the ocelli on both fore and hind wing paler, closely irrorated with brown striae, the discal transverse band generally clearly defined, and very often both the tornal, and at least one of the apical, ocelli distinct. On the underside it is paler than the male, and has the subbasal, discal and subterminal transverse dark bands more clearly defined. Dry season form: Males and females: Upperside very similar to the above, paler; in the female often the ground-colour ochraceous white, closely irrorated with brown striae ; ocelli as in the wet-season form, but those on the hind wing often non-pupilled. Underside also paler than in the wet-season form, the subbasal, discal and subterminal bands on the whole more prominent; ocelli on the hind wing reduced to mere specks."
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Size

32-48 mm
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Diagnostic Description

SubSpecies Varieties Races

"Ypthima baldus kangeana Kalis, 1933"
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Forests, human habitats and their interface."
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ypthima baldus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 11
Specimens with Barcodes: 13
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Ypthima balda

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Ypthima baldus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TGAGCAGGAATAGTAGGAACTTCCCTCAGTCTTATTATTCGAACAGAATTAGGAACCCCTAGTTCCCTAATTGGAGAT---GACCAAATTTATAACACAATTGTGACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGATTTGGAAATTGATTAGTCCCCCTAATACTAGGAGCTCCTGATATAGCTTTCCCACGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGATTATTACCTCCATCCTTAATACTTTTAATTTCTAGCAGCCTTGTAGAAAATGGAGCTGGAACAGGATGAACTGTTTACCCCCCACTTTCATCTAATATTGCCCATAGAGGCTCATCTGTAGATTTAGCAATTTTCTCCCTACATTTAGCAGGTATTTCTTCAATTTTAGGAGCCATTAATTTTATTACAACTATTATTAATATACGAATTAATAACATATCTTATGATCAATTACCATTATTTGTTTGAGCTGTAGGAATTACAGCTTTATTATTATTACTTTCTTTACCAGTTTTAGCTGGAGCTATTACTATACTTTTAACTGATCGAAATTTAAATACTTCATTTTTTGACCCTGCTGGAGGAGGAGATCCTATTTTATACCAACATTTATTTTGATTTTTTGGTCACCCTGAAGTATATATTTTAATTTTACCAGGATTTGGAATAATTTCTCATATTATTTCTCAAGAAAGAGGTAAAAAAGAAACTTTTGGGTATTTAGGGATAATCTATGCAATACTAGCTATTGGATTATTAGGATTCATTGTTTGAGCCCATCATATATTTACTGTAGGAATAGATATTGATACTCGAG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

Common
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Wikipedia

Ypthima baldus

The Common Fivering Ypthima baldus is a species of Satyrinae butterfly found in Asia.

Mating pair

Description[edit]

See glossary for terms used

Wet-season form[edit]

Male: Upperside brown, both fore and hind wing with terminal margins much darker, and generally with more or less distinct subbasal and discal dark bands. Fore wing with a large, slightly oblique, oval, bi-pupilled, yellow-ringed black, pre-apical ocellus. Hind wing with two postdiscal, round, uni-pupilled, similar but smaller ocelli, and very often one or two minute tornal ocelli also.

Underside similar to the underside in Y. philomela but the ochraceous-white ground-colour paler, tin-transverse brown strice coarser, the ocelli on the hind wing more distinctly in echelon, two tornal, two median, and two pre-apical, and on both fore and hind wing more or less distinctly defined, subbasal, discal and subterminal brown transverse bands.

Female: Differs on the upperside in having the area surrounding or bordering the ocelli on both fore and hind wing paler, closely irrorated with brown striae, the discal transverse band generally clearly defined, and very often both the tornal, and at least one of the apical, ocelli distinct. On the underside it is paler than the male, and has the subbasal, discal and subterminal transverse dark bands more clearly defined.[1]

Dry-season form[edit]

Males and females:Upperside very similar to the above, paler; in the female often the ground-colour ochraceous white, closely irrorated with brown striae ; ocelli as in the wet-season form, but those on the hind wing often non-pupilled. Underside also paler than in the wet-season form, the subbasal, discal and subterminal bands on the whole more prominent; ocelli on the hind wing reduced to mere specks.[1]

Wing expanse of 38-46 mm.

Distribution[edit]

Sub-Himalayan India from Chamba to Sikkim and Bhutan. Central India and the hills of southern India and the Western Ghats. Assam, Myanmar and the Tenasserim.[1]

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Bingham, C. T. 1905. Fauna of British India. Butterflies. Volume 1
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