Overview

Distribution

endemic to a single state or province

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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Global Range: (20,000-200,000 square km (about 8000-80,000 square miles)) Only known from ten counties (Alachua, Gilchrist, Highlands, Levy, Pinellas, Seminole, Flagler, Lake, Volusia, Palm Beach) in Florida, USA

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Physical Description

Type Information

Lectotype for Copris gopheri Hubbard, 1894
Catalog Number: USNM
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology
Sex/Stage: ; Adult
Preparation: Pinned
Collector(s): H. Hubbard
Locality: Crescent City; Fla., Florida, United States
  • Lectotype: Matthews.; Hubbard. 1894. Insect Life (United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin). 6: 310.
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Ecology

Migration

Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).

Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20

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Global Abundance

Unknown

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled

Reasons: Only found in gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, burrows and only known from ten counties in Florida, USA. Woodruff and Deyrup, in Deyrup and Franz (1994), state that, "The distribution may be more limited than that of the gopher tortoise, which would increase the vulnerability of the beetles", and ranked this species as threatened.

Intrinsic Vulnerability: Unknown

Environmental Specificity: Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce.

Comments: Found only in the burrows of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus.

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Global Short Term Trend: Unknown

Global Long Term Trend: Unknown

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Threats

Comments: Dependent upon the gopher tortoise, which itself is a declining species.

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Management

Biological Research Needs: Life history information, including dispersal.

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Global Protection: Few (1-3) occurrences appropriately protected and managed

Comments: Perry Oldenberg Wildlife and Environmental Area

Needs: Manage lands for its host, Gopherus polyphemus.

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