endemic to a single state or province
Regularity: Regularly occurring
Type of Residency: Year-round
Global Range: (20,000-200,000 square km (about 8000-80,000 square miles)) Only known from ten counties (Alachua, Gilchrist, Highlands, Levy, Pinellas, Seminole, Flagler, Lake, Volusia, Palm Beach) in Florida, USA
Catalog Number: USNM
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Entomology
Sex/Stage: ; Adult
Collector(s): H. Hubbard
Locality: Crescent City; Fla., Florida, United States
- Lectotype: Matthews.; Hubbard. 1894. Insect Life (United States Department of Agriculture Bulletin). 6: 310.
Non-Migrant: No. All populations of this species make significant seasonal migrations.
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make local extended movements (generally less than 200 km) at particular times of the year (e.g., to breeding or wintering grounds, to hibernation sites).
Locally Migrant: No. No populations of this species make annual migrations of over 200 km.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 6 - 20
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Only found in gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, burrows and only known from ten counties in Florida, USA. Woodruff and Deyrup, in Deyrup and Franz (1994), state that, "The distribution may be more limited than that of the gopher tortoise, which would increase the vulnerability of the beetles", and ranked this species as threatened.
Intrinsic Vulnerability: Unknown
Environmental Specificity: Very narrow. Specialist or community with key requirements scarce.
Comments: Found only in the burrows of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus.
Global Short Term Trend: Unknown
Global Long Term Trend: Unknown
Comments: Dependent upon the gopher tortoise, which itself is a declining species.
Biological Research Needs: Life history information, including dispersal.
Global Protection: Few (1-3) occurrences appropriately protected and managed
Comments: Perry Oldenberg Wildlife and Environmental Area
Needs: Manage lands for its host, Gopherus polyphemus.
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