Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 805 specimens in 10 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 258 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 696.5
  Temperature range (°C): -1.729 - 9.208
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.102 - 14.966
  Salinity (PPS): 6.095 - 34.861
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.113 - 9.319
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.254 - 1.740
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.666 - 50.947

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 696.5

Temperature range (°C): -1.729 - 9.208

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.102 - 14.966

Salinity (PPS): 6.095 - 34.861

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.113 - 9.319

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.254 - 1.740

Silicate (umol/l): 2.666 - 50.947
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Associations

Known prey organisms

Mysis preys on:
phytoplankton
Synchaeta
Polyarthra
Conochilus
Daphnia
Bosmina
Eudiaptomus

Based on studies in:
Finland (Lake or pond, Pelagic)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • J. Sarvala, Paarjarven energiatalous, Luonnon Tutkija 78(4-5):181-190, from p. 184 (1974).
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Known predators

Mysis is prey of:
Osmeridae

Based on studies in:
Finland (Lake or pond, Pelagic)

This list may not be complete but is based on published studies.
  • J. Sarvala, Paarjarven energiatalous, Luonnon Tutkija 78(4-5):181-190, from p. 184 (1974).
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© SPIRE project

Source: SPIRE

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
                                        
Specimen Records:488Public Records:391
Specimens with Sequences:461Public Species:14
Specimens with Barcodes:283Public BINs:12
Species:15         
Species With Barcodes:15         
          
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Locations of barcode samples

Collection Sites: world map showing specimen collection locations for Mysis

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Barcode data

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Wikipedia

Mysis

Mysis is a genus of mysid crustaceans in the family Mysidae, distributed mainly in the coastal zone of the Arctic and high boreal seas. Several species also inhabit northern freshwater lakes and the brackish Caspian Sea. Fifteen species are recognized.[1][2][3] Body lengths range from 1 to 3 centimetres (0.4 to 1.2 in).

The freshwater taxa of the genus have been referred to as "glacial relicts", and they comprise four closely related species, most of which also live in brackish water. Mysis relicta is a freshwater species from boreal lakes of Northern Europe, also present in the Baltic Sea. Mysis salemaai is another North European and Baltic Sea taxon. Mysis segerstralei is a fresh- and brackish-water species of the Eurasian and North American Arctic and sub-Arctic. The North American lakes, including the Great Lakes, are inhabited by Mysis diluviana.[2]

Four endemic species inhabit the Caspian Sea.[4] They have specialized and adapted to the cold, deepwater habitats of the landlocked basin. For example, the bathyal M. amblyops, the smallest mysid in the genus, has reduced eyes.[5][6] Four species also have circum-arctic distributions (M. oculata, M. nordenskioldi, M. segerstralei, M. polaris).[4]

Generic characters: frontal margin of carapace convex, angular; antennal scale with setae around all margins, segment 2 of maxilla 2 palp large, axe-shaped, with strong serrated spine-setae; pereiopods long, carpopropodus 7–9-segmented; male pleopod 4 5-segmented, segment 4 as long as segment 3; telson with cleft.

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jan Mees (2012). "Mysis Latreille, 1802". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved December 8, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b A. Audzijonytė & R. Väinölä (2005). "Diversity and distributions of circumpolar fresh- and brackish-water Mysis (Crustacea: Mysida): descriptions of M. relicta Lovén, 1862, M. salemaai n. sp., M. segerstralei n. sp. and M. diluviana n. sp., based on molecular and morphological characters". Hydrobiologia 544 (1): 89–141. doi:10.1007/s10750-004-8337-7. 
  3. ^ A. Audzijonytė & R. Väinölä (2007). "Mysis nordenskioldi n. sp. (Crustacea, Mysida), a circumpolar coastal mysid separated from the NE Pacific M. litoralis (Banner, 1948)". Polar Biology 30 (9): 1137–1157. doi:10.1007/s00300-007-0271-5. 
  4. ^ a b A. Audzijonytė, J. Damgaard, S.-L. Varvio, J. K. Vainio & R. Väinölä (2005). "Phylogeny of Mysis (Crustacea, Mysida): history of continental invasions inferred from molecular and morphological data". Cladistics 21 (6): 575–596. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2005.00081.x. 
  5. ^ Georg Ossian Sars (1895). "Crustacea Caspia. Account on the Mysidae in the collection of Dr. Grimm". Bulletin Academii Imperii Scientorum St. Petersbourg 5. 
  6. ^ Georg Ossian Sars (1907). "Mysidae". Trudy Kaspiiskoi Ekspeditsii 1904. Goda 1: 243–313. 
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