The following localities have been recorded (Stevanović et al. 2010):
- Central Bosnia: Mt. Vranica. A single locality which is very distant from the closest ones which are in the bordering mountains between Montenegro and Albania (Mt. Prokletije—Bjesket e Nemuna).
- Serbia: Kosovo and Metochia province (Mt. Prokletije, Mt. Šarplanina); east Serbia (Mt. Stara Planina).
- Montenegro: Mt. Prokletije.
- Albania: Mts Prokletije—Bjesket e Nemuna, Mj Jalica—Maje e Djalices, Mt. Korab.
- FYR Macedonia: Mts. Šarplanina, Rudoka, Vraca and Korab.
- Bulgaria: the west and central part of Mt. Stara Planina—Mt. Balkan, Mts. Rila and Pirin; west and central Rhodopes.
- Greece: Mts. Triklario and Varnous. These records are cited in the literature but specimens have not been seen; therefore, this locality requires confirmation. The localities in Greece are distant from neighbouring ones in FYR Macedonia and Albania.
Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in wet meadows and peat bogs along mountain rivers, streams, creeks and pond banks above (1,300-)1,500 m up to 2,200 m. It prefers silicious (acid) substrates.
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
EU 27 regional assessment: Least Concern (LC)
Barbarea balcana is restricted to high mountain areas of the central Balkans above 1,500 m. In Serbia, one subpopulation is threatened by the planned construction of artificial ski slopes; however, there are no other immediate major threats reported to the rest of the subpopulations across its range. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern. Research is however needed into the species' overall distribution and population trend and germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage is required. As this species is restricted to high altitudes, it could be particularly threatened by climate change; therefore, climate change modelling is recommended.
The genus Barbarea is listed in Annex I of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as part of the brassica complex. No germplasm accessions are reported by EURISCO to be held in European genebanks (EURISCO Catalogue 2010). Germplasm collection and duplicated ex situ storage is a priority for this species.It occurs in protected areas in Greece, Bulgaria and Serbia (Šarplanina National Park and Stara Planina Nature Park); however, it is not monitored or actively managed. Research is needed on the distribution and population trends of this species and a monitoring programme should be implemented.
In Serbia it is evaluated as Lower Risk LRcd.
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