Foodplant / gall
Aceria genistae causes gall of live stem of Genista

Foodplant / miner
larva of Agromyza johannae mines leaf of Genista
Other: minor host/prey

Foodplant / gall
larva of Apion atratulum causes gall of young stem of Genista

Foodplant / gall
larva of Apion immune causes gall of stem of Genista
Remarks: Other: uncertain

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / pathogen
Armillaria mellea s.l. infects and damages Genista

Foodplant / miner
larva of Bruchidius cisti mines pod wall of Genista

Plant / associate
adult of Bruchidius villosus is associated with Genista

Foodplant / feeds on
Polydrusus confluens feeds on Genista
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Sitona regensteinensis feeds on Genista
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Foodplant / feeds on
larva of Sitona striatellus feeds on Genista


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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD) Stats
Specimen Records:188
Specimens with Sequences:212
Specimens with Barcodes:60
Species With Barcodes:91
Public Records:164
Public Species:90
Public BINs:0
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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)


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Barcode data

Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

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For the software company, see Genista Corporation.

Genista /ɛˈnɪstə/[2] is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family Fabaceae, native to open habitats such as moorland and pasture in Europe and western Asia. They include species commonly called broom, though the term may also refer to other genera, including Cytisus and Chamaecytisus. Brooms in other genera are sometimes considered synonymous with Genista: Echinospartum, Retama, Spartium, Stauracanthus, and Ulex.

They are mainly deciduous shrubs and trees, often with brush-like foliage, often spiny to deter grazing, and masses of small, pea-like yellow blooms which are sometimes fragrant.[3] Many of the species have flowers that open explosively when alighted on by an insect, the style flying through the upper seam of the keel and striking the underside of the insect, followed by a shower of pollen that coats the insect.[4]

The name of the Plantagenet royal line is derived from this genus, being a corruption of planta genista.[5]


Genista comprises the following species:[6][7][8]

Species names with uncertain taxonomic status[edit]

The status of the following species is unresolved:[8]

  • Genista abyssinica Briq.
  • Genista acquinoctialis Briq.
  • Genista acutiflora Pau
  • Genista acutifolia Spach
  • Genista aegyptiaca Spreng.
  • Genista aequinoctialis Briq.
  • Genista affghanica Briq.
  • Genista africana Briq.
  • Genista albanica F.K.Mey.
  • Genista alpicola Schur
  • Genista alpina (Mill.) Spach
  • Genista amana Rech.f.
  • Genista amarella Lepech.
  • Genista americana Spach
  • Genista anabaptizata Briq.
  • Genista andreana Puiss.
  • Genista apetala Spach
  • Genista aphylla DC.
  • Genista aprutia C.Presl
  • Genista arabica (Decne.) Briq.
  • Genista arborea Spreng.
  • Genista arborea Rouy
  • Genista arborescens Mill. ex Spach
  • Genista arcuata W.D.J.Koch
  • Genista argentea (L.) Noulet
  • Genista armata Poir.
  • Genista artwinensis Schischk.
  • Genista ascendens Briq.
  • Genista austriaca (L.) Scheele
  • Genista bakeri Briq.
  • Genista bakeria Briq.
  • Genista balansae (Boiss.) Rouy
  • Genista ballii Briq.
  • Genista barbara Munby
  • Genista benehoavensis (Bolle) del Arco
  • Genista bisflorens (Host) Rouy
  • Genista bivonae C.Presl
  • Genista bocchierii Bacch., Brullo & Feoli Chiapella
  • Genista bourgaei Spach ex Nyman
  • Genista bracteolata Link
  • Genista britannica Rchb.
  • Genista brugnieri Spach
  • Genista brutia Brullo, Scelsi & Spamp.
  • Genista caballeroi Pau ex Caball.
  • Genista caespitosa K.Koch
  • Genista calcicola Schur
  • Genista calycina Briq.
  • Genista capensis Spach
  • Genista cappadocica Spach
  • Genista cassia Boiss.
  • Genista catalaunica (Webb) Rouy
  • Genista cazorlana Debeaux & E.Rev.
  • Genista charegia Coss. ex Batt.
  • Genista cilentina Vals.
  • Genista cineria DC.
  • Genista cirtensis Pomel
  • Genista collina Briq.
  • Genista commixta Spach
  • Genista compressa Sol. ex A.Cunn.
  • Genista congesta (Willd.) Poir.
  • Genista connata Briq.
  • Genista contaminata Poir.
  • Genista cordifolia Porta
  • Genista coriacea Kit.
  • Genista cosoniaca Bernardin ex Gand.
  • Genista cossoniana Batt.
  • Genista cotinifolia Burm.f.
  • Genista crassifolia Briq.
  • Genista crebrispina Pomel
  • Genista cretica (L.) Spach
  • Genista crotalarioides Briq.
  • Genista csikii Kümmerle & Jáv.
  • Genista cupani Guss.
  • Genista cuspidata (Cav.) Spach
  • Genista cuspidosa DC.
  • Genista cytisoides Spach
  • Genista dasycarpa Ball
  • Genista daurica G.Nicholson
  • Genista defoliata Lam.
  • Genista delarbrei Lecoq & Lamotte
  • Genista demarcoi Brullo, Scelsi & Siracusa
  • Genista densa Poir.
  • Genista discolor Webb ex Lowe
  • Genista disperma Spach
  • Genista divaricata Link
  • Genista dorycnioides Briq.
  • Genista dumetorum G.Nicholson
  • Genista duriaei Spach
  • Genista echinata Sennen
  • Genista eckloniana Briq.
  • Genista elias-sennenii Uribe-Ech. & Urrutia
  • Genista elliptica (Willd. ex Spreng.) Steud.
  • Genista elliptica Kit.
  • Genista elongata Scheele
  • Genista elongata (Waldst. & Kit.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Genista emirnensis Briq.
  • Genista ephedrifolia Pourr. ex Willk. & Lange
  • Genista ericetorum Hoffmanns. ex Spreng.
  • Genista erinacea Gilib.
  • Genista erinaceoides (Loisel.) Vierh.
  • Genista eriocarpa Kunze
  • Genista europaea E.H.L.Krause
  • Genista exaltata Link ex DC.
  • Genista filifolia Licht. ex Walp.
  • Genista filiformis Briq.
  • Genista flaccida Briq.
  • Genista foliolosa Link
  • Genista formosa Carrière
  • Genista fragrans Spach
  • Genista friedrichsthaliana C.Presl
  • Genista fritschii Rech.
  • Genista frutescens Schloss. & Vuk.
  • Genista gaditana Rouy
  • Genista galioides Spach
  • Genista gasparini C. Presl
  • Genista genuensis Pers.
  • Genista glabra Spach
  • Genista gracilis Poir.
  • Genista gracilis Spach
  • Genista grandiflora (DC.) Spach
  • Genista grossii Font Quer
  • Genista gymnoptera Duby ex Nyman
  • Genista halleri Reyn. ex DC.
  • Genista harveyi Briq.
  • Genista herbacea Lam.
  • Genista hillebrandii Christ
  • Genista hirta Rouy
  • Genista hybrida E.H.L. Krause
  • Genista hypericifolia Herb. ex Colla
  • Genista incana Briq.
  • Genista incerta Friv. ex Griseb.
  • Genista incubacea Schur
  • Genista inermis Gilib.
  • Genista inermis Pančić
  • Genista infesta G.Don
  • Genista inops Boiss. & Balansa
  • Genista insularis Bacch., Brullo & Feoli Chiapella
  • Genista interrupta (Cav.) Steud.
  • Genista italica Lodd. ex G.Don
  • Genista jacquiniana Scheele
  • Genista jaubertii Spach
  • Genista jimenezii Pau ex Munuera
  • Genista jordani Shuttlew. ex Rouy & Fouc.
  • Genista jordanii Shuttlew.
  • Genista juasi Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
  • Genista juncea Scop.
  • Genista kabylica Coss. ex Batt.
  • Genista kochii Rouy
  • Genista kotschyi Briq.
  • Genista laburnum (L.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Genista lampropphylla Spach
  • Genista lanigera Spach
  • Genista laricifolia Burm.f.
  • Genista leptophylla Spach
  • Genista lipskii (Novopokr. & Schischk.) Novopokr. & Schischk.
  • Genista longirostrata Sennen
  • Genista lunaris Briq.
  • Genista macrobotrys (Maire & Sennen) Sennen
  • Genista madoniensis Raimondo
  • Genista maroccana Briq.
  • Genista martinii Verguin & Soulie
  • Genista mauritiana Pau & Sennen
  • Genista microsoma Briq.
  • Genista millani Caball.
  • Genista milli Heldr. ex Boiss.
  • Genista minima Bubani
  • Genista minor Lam.
  • Genista minor Guillon ex Verl.
  • Genista moesiaca Velen.
  • Genista mogadorensis Pau
  • Genista moleroi Talavera & P.E.Gibbs
  • Genista mollis (Cav.) DC.
  • Genista montbretii Spach
  • Genista multibracteata Tausch
  • Genista multicaulis Lam.
  • Genista myrtifolia Burm.f.
  • Genista nervata Hoppe ex Griseb.
  • Genista nigricans (L.) Scheele ex Briq.
  • Genista nigricans (L.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Genista nitens (Willd.) Steud.
  • Genista nitida Formánek
  • Genista nodosa Tausch
  • Genista notarisii Rouy
  • Genista nubigena Link
  • Genista nuda (Willd.) Steud.
  • Genista obsoleta (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Briq.
  • Genista odorata Moench
  • Genista odoratissima Spach
  • Genista odoratissima Pourr.
  • Genista oliverii Spach
  • Genista orientalis Spach
  • Genista ornithopodioides (Jaub. & Spach) Briq.
  • Genista ottomanica Formánek
  • Genista ovina Bacch., Brullo & Feoli Chiapella
  • Genista palmatiformis Maire & Sennen, in Sennen
  • Genista palmiformis (Sennen & Mauricio ex Maire) Maire & Sennen
  • Genista parviflora Brot.
  • Genista parvifolia G.Don
  • Genista pauciflorum Briq.
  • Genista pedunculata L'Hér.
  • Genista peloponnesiaca Spach
  • Genista pendulina Lam.
  • Genista persica Poir.
  • Genista pestalozzae Boiss.
  • Genista petitiana (A.Rich.) Briq.
  • Genista philippi Lindl.
  • Genista phrygia Bornm.
  • Genista pichisermolliana Vals.
  • Genista pilocarpa Link
  • Genista pinastrifolia Spach
  • Genista polygalaefolia DC.
  • Genista polygalaephylla Brot.
  • Genista polyphylla (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Briq.
  • Genista polysperma Briq.
  • Genista polytricha Spach
  • Genista pomeli Mares & Vigineix
  • Genista pomeliana Maire
  • Genista pomelii Marès & Vigin.
  • Genista postranensis Formánek
  • Genista pratensis Pollini
  • Genista pseudoumbellata Caball.
  • Genista pteroclada (Boiss.) Spach
  • Genista pulverulenta Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
  • Genista pungens Poir.
  • Genista purpurea (Scop.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Genista ramentacea (Sieber) Briq.
  • Genista ratisbonensis (Schaeff.) E.H.L.Krause
  • Genista raymundi Maire & Sennen, in Sennen & Mauricio
  • Genista retama G.Nicholson
  • Genista rhodophon Webb ex Delile
  • Genista rhodorhizoides Webb & Berthel.
  • Genista richteri Rouy
  • Genista rigens C.Presl
  • Genista rosea (Jaub. & Spach) Briq.
  • Genista rostrata Poir.
  • Genista salditana Pomel
  • Genista salesii Sennen
  • Genista salicifolia Dippel
  • Genista sauzeana (Burnham & Briq.) Rouy
  • Genista schimperiana (Hochst.) Briq.
  • Genista scolopendria Spach
  • Genista scolopendrina Willk.
  • Genista scoparia (L.) Lam.
  • Genista scoparia Chaix
  • Genista scopolii Rouy
  • Genista scorpia St.-Lag.
  • Genista scorpionia St.-Lag.
  • Genista sennenii Font Quer ex Sennen
  • Genista sepiaria Lam.
  • Genista sessiliflora Briq.
  • Genista sigeriana Fuss
  • Genista silana Brullo, Gangale & Spamp.
  • Genista sophoroides Spach
  • Genista spathulata Spach
  • Genista sphaerocarpa (L.) Lam.
  • Genista spicata Eckl. & Zeyh. ex Meisn.
  • Genista spiniflora Lam.
  • Genista stenocarpa Janka
  • Genista stenophylla Schur
  • Genista stipulacea (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Briq.
  • Genista stylosa (Spreng.) G.Don
  • Genista subsecunda Schur
  • Genista subsericans (Bornm.) Rech.f.
  • Genista supranubia (L.f.) Spach
  • Genista syriaca (Boiss. & Blanche) Boiss. & Blanche
  • Genista tamarrutii Caball.
  • Genista tchihatchewi Boiss.
  • Genista tenella Willk.
  • Genista tenorei G.Don
  • Genista tenorii Steud.
  • Genista tenorii G. Don
  • Genista tenuispina Samp.
  • Genista thebaica Spach
  • Genista thyrsiflora G.Nicholson
  • Genista tomentella Boiss. & Noë
  • Genista tomentosa Poir.
  • Genista transsilvanica Schur
  • Genista trigonelloides (Jaub. & Spach) Briq.
  • Genista tripolitana Bornm.
  • Genista triquetra (Lam.) L'Hér.
  • Genista triquetra Willd.
  • Genista triquetra Waldst. & Kit.
  • Genista tyrrhena Vals.
  • Genista undulata Link
  • Genista uniflora (Decne.) Briq.
  • Genista valdes-bermejoi Talavera & L.Sáez
  • Genista valsecchiae Brullo & De Marco
  • Genista velutina (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Briq.
  • Genista versiflora Tausch
  • Genista villosa Lam.
  • Genista villosa Spach
  • Genista vulgaris Garsault
  • Genista vulgaris Gray
  • Genista vuralii A.Duran & Dural
  • Genista walpersiana Briq.
  • Genista weldeniana Scheele
  • Genista zeyheri Briq.


The following hybrids have been described:[8]

  • Genista ×altoportillensis Egido & Puente García
  • Genista ×arizagae Elorza et al.
  • Genista ×fritschii Rech.
  • Genista ×martinii Verg. & Soulié
  • Genista ×norpalentina J.M.Aparicio et al.
  • Genista ×oweniana auct.
  • Genista ×rivasgodayana J.Andrés & Llamas
  • Genista ×segurae Uribe-Ech. & Urrutia
  • Genista ×uribe-echebarriae Urrutia


  1. ^ Cardoso D, Pennington RT, de Queiroz LP, Boatwright JS, Van Wyk B-E, Wojciechowski MF, Lavin M. (2013). "Reconstructing the deep-branching relationships of the papilionoid legumes". S Afr J Bot 89: 58–75. doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2013.05.001. 
  2. ^ Sunset editors (1995). Sunset Western Garden Book, Revised and Updated Version. Little Rock, Arkansas: Leisure Arts. p. 624. ISBN 978-0376038517. 
  3. ^ Brickell C. (2008). A–Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley in association with the Royal Horticultural Society. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  4. ^ Willis JC. (1985). A Dictionary of the Flowering Plants and Ferns (8th ed.). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. p. 1294. ISBN 978-0521313957. 
  5. ^ Roupell A. (1849). "Plate IV. Liparia spherica". Specimens of the Flora of South Africa by a Lady. London, England: W. Nicol, Shakespeare Press. p. 17. OCLC 228733208. 
  6. ^ "ILDIS LegumeWeb entry for Genista". International Legume Database & Information Service. Cardiff School of Computer Science & Informatics. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  7. ^ USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. "GRIN species records of Genista". Germplasm Resources Information Network—(GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c "The Plant List entry for Genista". The Plant List. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and the Missouri Botanical Garden. 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  9. ^ Some sources treat Genista sibirica as a synonym of Genista tinctoria.
  10. ^ Some sources treat Genista spachiana as a synonym of Genista stenopetala.
  11. ^ Some sources treat Genista splendens as a synonym of Teline linifolia.
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