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Description

Perennial herbs (our spp.). Leaves opposite, very rough to the touch (in ours).Capitula terminal, solitary or in lax racemes, sometimes axillary, radiate, yellow, white, lilac or purple. Phyllaries 2-3-seriate. Receptacular scales clasping the florets, narrowly oblong to obovate. Achenes obovoid, bilaterally flattened, pubescent. Pappus a laciniate cupule, often with 2 barbellate setae in addition.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Wikipedia

Aspilia

Aspilia is a genus of flowering plants in the daisy family.[1][2][3]

Some authors have merged this genus with Wedelia, but others maintain that more study is required.[4] Aspilia is native to Africa, Madagascar, and Latin America.[5]

Historically, Aspilia africana was used in Mbaise and most Igbo speaking parts of Nigeria to prevent conception, suggesting potential contraceptive and anti-fertility properties.[6] Leaf extract and fractions of A. africana effectively arrested bleeding from fresh wounds, inhibited microbial growth of known wound contaminants and accelerated wound healing process.[7] Aspilia is thought to be used as herbal medicine by some chimpanzees.[8][9][10]

Species[5]
  1. Aspilia africana
  2. Aspilia albuquerquei
  3. Aspilia andrade-limae
  4. Aspilia angolensis
  5. Aspilia angustifolia
  6. Aspilia aristata
  7. Aspilia attenuata
  8. Aspilia aurantiaca
  9. Aspilia baumii
  10. Aspilia belo-horizontinae
  11. Aspilia bipartita
  12. Aspilia bojeri
  13. Aspilia buphthalmiflora
  14. Aspilia bussei
  15. Aspilia cachimboensis
  16. Aspilia camporum
  17. Aspilia cardenasii
  18. Aspilia caudata
  19. Aspilia chevalieri
  20. Aspilia clausseniana
  21. Aspilia cordifolia
  22. Aspilia cylindrocephala
  23. Aspilia diamantinae
  24. Aspilia diffusiflora
  25. Aspilia diniz-cruziana
  26. Aspilia discolor
  27. Aspilia duarteana
  28. Aspilia eckendorffii
  29. Aspilia eenii
  30. Aspilia eglerii
  31. Aspilia elata
  32. Aspilia elegans
  33. Aspilia erosa
  34. Aspilia espinhacensis
  35. Aspilia fischeri
  36. Aspilia floribunda
  37. Aspilia foliacea
  38. Aspilia foliosa
  39. Aspilia fruticosa
  40. Aspilia glaziovii
  41. Aspilia grazielae
  42. Aspilia hassleriana
  43. Aspilia hatschbachii
  44. Aspilia helianthoides
  45. Aspilia heringeriana
  46. Aspilia ioletae
  47. Aspilia jelskii
  48. Aspilia jolyana
  49. Aspilia jugata
  50. Aspilia kotschyi
  51. Aspilia kunthiana
  52. Aspilia laevissima
  53. Aspilia latifolia
  54. Aspilia latissima
  55. Aspilia leucanthema
  56. Aspilia leucoglossa
  57. Aspilia linearis
  58. Aspilia macrorrhiza
  59. Aspilia malaissei
  60. Aspilia matogrossensis
  61. Aspilia mendoncae
  62. Aspilia mildbraedii
  63. Aspilia minima
  64. Aspilia montevidensis
  65. Aspilia mossambicensis
  66. Aspilia natalensis
  67. Aspilia noneaefolia
  68. Aspilia ovalifolia
  69. Aspilia paludosa
  70. Aspilia pascalioides
  71. Aspilia phyllostachya
  72. Aspilia platyphylla
  73. Aspilia pluriseta
  74. Aspilia podophylla
  75. Aspilia pohlii
  76. Aspilia procumbens
  77. Aspilia prostrata
  78. Aspilia pseudoyedaea
  79. Aspilia reflexa
  80. Aspilia reticulata
  81. Aspilia riedelii
  82. Aspilia rudis
  83. Aspilia rugulosa
  84. Aspilia sahariensis
  85. Aspilia serrulata
  86. Aspilia silphioides
  87. Aspilia squarrosa
  88. Aspilia stenophylla
  89. Aspilia subpandurata
  90. Aspilia subpetiolata
  91. Aspilia subscandens
  92. Aspilia trichodesmoides
  93. Aspilia triplinervia
  94. Aspilia warmingii

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thouars, Louis-Marie Aubert du Petit-. 1806. Genera Nova Madagascariensia 12
  2. ^ Wild, H. (1967) The Compositae of the Flora Zambesiaca area. 1. Heliantheae. Kirkia 6(1) 1-62
  3. ^ Tropicos, Aspilia Thouars
  4. ^ Tadessa, Mesfin. 1999. New combinations, varieties, and synonyms in African Compositae. Compositae Newsletter 33:23-32.
  5. ^ a b Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Accessed
  6. ^ Oluyemi Kayode A.; Okwuonu Uche C.; Baxter D. Grillo & Oyesola Tolulope, O.,"Toxic Effects of Methanolic Extract of Aspilia africana Leaf on the Estrous Cycle and Uterine Tissues of Wistar Rats" Int. J. Morphol., 25(3):609-614, 2007.
  7. ^ BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 7 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6882/7/24
  8. ^ http://www.uic.edu/classes/osci/osci590/8_1%20Chimpanzee%20Medicine%20Chest.htm
  9. ^ Raffaele Paul "Among the Great Apes",Harper, 2010 p98
  10. ^ Herbs 2000


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