The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Bergström A (2005) Oviposition site preferences of the threatened butterfly Parnassius mnemosyne – implications for conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation 9: 21-27. doi: 10.1007/s10841-004-3204-4
  • Brommer JE, Fred MS (1999) Movement of the Apollo butterfly Parnassius apollo related to host plant and nectar plant patches. Ecological Entomology 24: 125-131.
  • Gorbach VV, Kabanen DN (2010) Spatial organization of the Clouded Apollo population (Parnassius mnemosyne) in Onega Lake Basin. Entomological Review 90: 11-22.
  • Gratton P, Konopinski MK, Sbordoni V (2008) Pleistocene evolutionary history of the Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne): genetic signatures of climate cycles and a ‘time-dependent’ mitochondrial substitution rate. Molecular Ecology 17: 4248-4262. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2008.03901.x
  • Häuser C., Holstein J. & Steiner A. (eds) (2013). GloBIS (GART): Global Butterfly Information System (version Sep 2012). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Konvička M, Duchoslav M, Haraštová M, Beneš J, Foldynová S, Jirku M, Kuras T (2001) Habitat utilization and behaviour of adult Parnassius mnemosyne (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae) in the Litovelské Pomoraví, Czech Republic. Nota lepidopterologica 24: 39-51.
  • Konvička M, Kuras T (1999) Population Structure, Behaviour and Selection of Oviposition Sites of an Endangered Butterfly, Parnassius mnemosyne, in Litovelské Pomoravíl. Czech Republic. Journal of Insect Conservation 3: 211-223. doi: 10.1023/a:1009641618795
  • Konvička M, Vlasanek P, Hauck D (2006) Absence of forest mantles creates ecological traps for Parnassius mnemosyne (Papilionidae). Nota lepidopterologica 29: 145-152.
  • Luoto M, Kuussaari M, Rita H, Salminen J, von Bonsdorff T (2001) Determinants of distribution and abundance in the clouded apollo butterfly: a landscape ecological approach. Ecography 24: 601-617.
  • MERLET F. & HOUARD X. (2012). Synthèse bibliographique sur les traits de vie du Semi-Apollon (Parnassius mnemosyne (Linnaeus, 1758)) relatifs à ses déplacements et à ses besoins de continuités écologiques. Service du patrimoine naturel du Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle. Paris. 8 pages.
  • Meglecz E, Nève G, Pecsenye K, Varga Z (1999) Genetic variations in space and time in Parnassius mnemosyne (L.) (Lepidoptera) populations in north-east Hungary: implications for conservation. Biological Conservation 89: 251-259.
  • Välimäki P, Itämies J (2003) Migration of the clouded Apollo butterfly Parnassius mnemosyne in a network of suitable habitats - effects of patch characteristics. Ecography 26: 679-691


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